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West Asian government – Mesopotamia and Iran

By | 2017-09-13T17:42:37+00:00 September 13th, 2017|Government, West Asia|

Stele of Naram-Sin Since the time of the Akkadians, about 2300 BC, the government of West Asia has cycled back and forth between periods of unity under empires ruled by a "king of kings" and smaller kingdoms or city-states ruled by ordinary kings. Most of the time there have been larger empires - the Akkadians, the Assyrians, the Persians, the Parthians, [...]

West Asian government – Ottomans and Safavids

By | 2017-09-11T00:20:10+00:00 September 11th, 2017|Government, West Asia|

Sofia Baffo (about 1600 AD) The two great kingdoms of West Asia between 1500 and 1900, the Ottoman Empire and the Safavid Empire, were both monarchies. So they were supposed to be ruled by a single man, the sultan or the shah. He inherited power from his father or his older brother or another male relative. The problem with [...]

Roman government – ancient Rome

By | 2017-09-02T16:27:29+00:00 September 2nd, 2017|Government, Romans|

The Senate house had great big bronze doors on it. (One of the Popes moved those doors to a Christian church in Rome, but they're still the same doors). From 500 BC to nearly 1500 AD, for two thousand years, Roman government had more or less the same system. Of course there were some changes in Roman government over that time too! [...]

Roman basilicas – Architecture in ancient Rome

By | 2017-08-25T17:01:17+00:00 August 25th, 2017|Architecture, Government, Romans|

Basilica Aemilia, Rome When the Romans had any activity they wanted to do in groups, but inside, out of the weather, they generally met in a basilica (ba-SILL-uh-ka). A basilica is a long hall with two or more rows of columns running down the long way to help hold the roof up, like [...]

Religious schisms – History of religion

By | 2017-08-25T12:35:01+00:00 August 25th, 2017|Government, Religion|

The murder of Thomas a Becket in the 1100s AD The new, big, monotheistic religions of Buddhism, Christianity, and Islam developed between 500 BC and 600 AD. They brought with them some new ideas, and some new problems. First, people began to separate religion from the rest of their life. In particular, they separated their religion from their government for [...]

American government – the 1900s

By | 2017-08-12T09:26:23+00:00 August 12th, 2017|Government, North America|

Franklin Roosevelt The United States government got even more power during the 1900s. In 1913, the United States government got the right to collect income tax. With this new tax, the United States government got a lot more money, and it used that money to get more power over the states. During the Depression, in [...]

American government after the Civil War

By | 2017-08-12T07:44:44+00:00 August 12th, 2017|Government, North America|

J. Rainey, first black congressman After the Civil War, in 1865, the United States changed its Constitution to make slavery illegal. For a few years, black people were able to vote. Black men served in Congress. But soon northern people lost interest in helping the black people. Racist white people forced the black people to stop voting [...]

Equal rights for some – American government

By | 2017-08-11T22:44:08+00:00 August 11th, 2017|Government, North America|

Abigail Adams During and after the American Revolution, the rich white men were writing the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution and the Bill of Rights. Many people who were not rich, or white, or men thought maybe this was their chance to get equal rights too. They wrote to the men who were writing the Constitution. They asked [...]

Constitutional amendments – United States

By | 2017-08-11T22:22:52+00:00 August 11th, 2017|Government, North America|

The United States Bill of Rights Over the years since the Bill of Rights in 1791, Americans have not changed their Constitution very much. It's pretty hard to do: you have to get two-thirds of the House and the Senate to agree, and then you have to get 3/4 of the state legislatures to agree too, usually [...]

United States Constitution – American government

By | 2017-08-11T22:19:30+00:00 August 11th, 2017|Government, North America|

The United States Constitution The American Revolutionary War got the United States started as a new country in 1781 AD. Soon the leaders of the United States got together. They tried to write up some rules for how the government of this new country would work. Men came from all of the thirteen states (except Rhode Island). Benjamin [...]