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Who were the Persians? Iran – West Asian history

By | 2017-11-01T22:57:18+00:00 September 14th, 2017|History, West Asia, Where|

Central Asian steppe Around 1200 BC, some Indo-European people from Central Asia moved south into West Asia. These people were the Persians and the Medes. The Persians and the Medes were distantly related to the Scythians, the Hittites, the Greeks and the Romans, and they spoke a related language. Like the Scythians, the Medes and the Persians were nomadic people. They travelled around Central Asia [...]

Who were the Aztec? Central American history

By | 2017-10-14T14:53:29+00:00 September 8th, 2017|Central America, Where|

Aztec brazier (about 1300 AD) Beginning in the 1100s AD, the Medieval Warming Period seems to have made it too hard to live where the Mexica were in North America. So the Mexica people moved south to what is now Mexico. The Mexica were relatives of the Shoshone and Ute people who lived in the Rocky Mountains. After some moving around [...]

Brazil and colonization – South American history

By | 2017-10-14T14:53:57+00:00 September 8th, 2017|History, South America, Where|

Tapuia people, ca. 1650 (by Albert Eckhout) In the late 1400s AD, the Tupi people had just won a big war with the Tapuia people. They had gotten control of the Atlantic coast of South America (modern Brazil). They forced most of the Tapuia people inland. So the Tupi were living near the beaches, fishing. Different Tupi [...]

Cree history – Native Americans

By | 2017-10-14T14:54:29+00:00 August 8th, 2017|History, Native American, Where|

Typical Cree environment - Great Lakes wetland The Cree probably started out as part of the Athabascan crew. When other Native people spread out south and east, the Athabascans, or Dene, stayed up north. Their language became different. But then later, they moved south and east too. The Athabascans who moved to the [...]

Taika period – Early Medieval Japan

By | 2017-10-14T14:52:48+00:00 July 27th, 2017|History, Japan, Where|

Court attendants (Takamatsuzuka Tomb, ca. 600s AD) Now that Japan had declared independence from China, Empress Suiko and her successors built a new government for Japan. They wanted Japan's government to be just as good as China's government. Empress Suiko ruled for 35 years before she died in 628 AD. Prince Shotoku had already died six years [...]

Who were the Mughals? India’s history

By | 2017-10-14T14:51:01+00:00 July 19th, 2017|History, India, Where|

Babur, first Mughal ruler Timur's empire collapsed when he died in 1405 AD. Then the Mongols lost control of India for a while. Local Muslim leaders formed small states in northern India. But a generation later, Mongol leaders invaded India again and forced the Indians into a new empire, the Mughal Empire. Mughal is actually just an Indian spelling of [...]

Bronze Age in northern Europe

By | 2017-10-14T14:46:35+00:00 June 27th, 2017|History, Northern Europe, Where|

Bell beakers (ca. 2000 BC) About 3000 BC, a new wave of Central Asian people migrated west into northern Europe; these were the Indo-Europeans, also called the Yamnaya. The Indo-Europeans brought with them new inventions, including woven plaid fabric, and their Celtic language (the ancestor of modern Welsh, Irish, and Breton). They also [...]

Silk Road and Scholars – Han Dynasty China

By | 2017-10-14T14:52:12+00:00 June 6th, 2017|China, History, Where|

When Kao Tsu (Liu Pang) started the Han Dynasty in 202 BC, he didn't really change that much from the system that Qin had set up. Kao Tsu still got the kings and their families to live at his capital city, and he still sent out governors and judges whom he could trust. But Kao Tsu didn't [...]

Genghis Khan and the Mongols – Central Asia

By | 2017-10-14T14:49:20+00:00 May 31st, 2017|Central Asia, History, Where|

Genghis Khan By 1200 AD, the Mongol and Turkic people of Central Asia had pretty much finished pushing the Indo-Europeans out of power in Central Asia and West Asia, and had taken over ruling the whole area. About 1180 AD the Mongols elected a new king, Genghis Khan (Khan means king), who was [...]

Ancient Meroe and Aksum – Early Sudan

By | 2017-10-25T22:50:32+00:00 May 18th, 2017|Africa, History, Where|

Aksum obelisk The earliest people probably evolved from other primates  around a million years ago. That may have happened in or near what is now Sudan, south of Egypt. At first all people were hunters and gatherers. But by around 4000 BC, Nubians domesticated millet and sorghum and were farming. In Aksum (now [...]