Medieval Bulgaria – European history

By |2019-04-23T06:53:10-07:00April 23rd, 2019|History|

Where's Bulgaria? Bulgarian history - a map showing where Bulgaria is Bulgaria is at the northern edge of the Aegean Sea, between modern Greece and Turkey. This land was part of the Roman Empire. The Romans called this area Thrace, and the people who lived there were Thracians. In the 300s AD, they [...]

Primates – Evolution of Monkeys and Humans

By |2018-09-02T13:28:56-07:00August 21st, 2018|History|

Primate evolution: The earliest primates probably looked something like this little marmoset monkey. When did the first primates evolve? The first primates evolved out of earlier mammals around 56 million years ago, in the Tertiary period. (Or possibly as early as 85 million years ago, even before the dinosaurs died.) Why did primates [...]

History of Chile – South America

By |2018-04-29T00:34:19-07:00April 28th, 2018|History|

Mapuche fight off Spanish invaders In the 1530s AD, the Mapuche people in Chile had recently fought off an Inca invasion and were fiercely determined to stay independent. And the Mapuche were good at fighting! So when the first European colonizers came to Chile, the Mapuche fought them off, too. Mapuche people quickly got Spanish [...]

T.S. Eliot – American poetry project

By |2018-04-24T11:01:03-07:00April 24th, 2018|History|

The Old Gumbie Cat (1939) I have a Gumbie Cat in mind, her name is Jennyanydots; Her coat is of the tabby kind, with tiger stripes and leopard spots. All day she sits upon the stair or on the steps or on the mat; She sits and sits and sits and sits—and that's what makes [...]

Early music videos

By |2018-04-11T19:10:10-07:00April 11th, 2018|History|

Music links   Early bone flutes, about 60,000 BC   https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sHy9FOblt7Y   Rock gong, at least 7000 BC   https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3kr1D5-GW44   African drumming from about 3000 BC or earlier   https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q0MiMs1Hp-o   Playing a shofar – a ram’s horn   https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EKQrBURDtQE   Greek aulos about 700 BC. These have reeds like a modern clarinet. They’re [...]

21 History Cartoons (with a political edge)

By |2018-04-07T18:29:18-07:00April 7th, 2018|History|

21 history cartoons for the enlightened (and some other cartoons too) Well, we thought they were funny. All original history cartoons and political cartoons, mostly with a leftist, feminist, anti-racist slant (like the rest of the articles on this site). They're all copyrighted to Quatr.us Study Guides. Feel free to repost any of these cartoons, [...]

Khosrau II  and the end of the Sassanian Empire

By |2018-04-07T17:05:04-07:00March 21st, 2018|History|

Khosrau II King Khosrau II, of the Sassanian Empire, on a gold coin (600s AD) Khosrau II was only twenty years old when he became king in 590 AD. Probably the powerful Sassanian families - particularly his mother's brothers  - thought he would be easier to push around than his father had been. [...]

Who were the Mazdakites? Sassanian reformers

By |2018-03-20T23:18:24-07:00March 20th, 2018|History|

A later illustration from the Shahnameh of the execution of the prophet Mazdak The Sassanians in decline In 500 AD, in the early Middle Ages, the Sassanian empire in Iraq and Iran was falling apart, just like the Roman Empire further west. King Kavadh had almost no power. Province after province was declaring independence. [...]