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Early Native American Economy – farming and trade

By | 2017-09-28T11:57:29+00:00 September 28th, 2017|Economy, Native American|

Pomo people fishing (California, 1816) When people first came to North America, maybe about 15,000 BC, they were probably mostly following the fish along the coast, and fishing is what they spent most of their time doing. In California, and along the East Coast, people like the Iroquois also gathered acorns and crushed them to make bread. Cree people [...]

American science after colonization

By | 2017-09-28T11:27:37+00:00 September 28th, 2017|Americas, Native American, North America, Science|

European trade goods (thanks to Nebraska Game and Parks Division) North American people made rapid scientific advances in the course of the 1500s AD, inspired by contacts with traders and explorers from Europe. People learned how to tame horses and ride them, and they learned how to use guns. They also began to use a [...]

American people – family, education, slavery

By | 2017-08-14T11:55:06+00:00 August 14th, 2017|Native American, North America, People|

A Pueblo family with a donkey in 1885 (Detroit Publishing Company) Since 1500 AD North American people's relationships to one another have seen big changes. In the 1500s, most kids lived in small villages with their families. Many kids grew up in longhouses or pueblos, with their cousins and aunts and uncles sharing their house. Nobody went to [...]

Sitting Bull and Wounded Knee – Sioux history

By | 2017-08-14T09:33:27+00:00 August 14th, 2017|History, Native American|

Red Elk Woman, a member of the Sioux In the 1500s and 1600s AD, Sioux people were still living around the Great Lakes (modern Minnesota). That's where they were in 1667 when they first met French fur traders. But by the 1700s the Sioux (you pronounce it SOO), along with the Cheyenne and the Arapaho, had left [...]

The Shoshone fight the United States

By | 2017-08-14T09:06:48+00:00 August 14th, 2017|History, Native American|

Shoshone woman and baby After the Pueblo Revolt of 1680 AD, some Shoshone people in Wyoming bought horses. These horse-riders split off from the other Shoshone and became the Comanche. The rest of the Shoshone still didn't have horses, even though by about 1750, Shoshone people were trading with the Mandan to their east. The Shoshone sold bison skins and beaver furs to [...]

Shawnee and Tecumseh – American history

By | 2017-08-14T09:02:04+00:00 August 14th, 2017|History, Native American|

A Shawnee cooking pot (ca. 1500 AD) The Shawnee people probably first suffered from contact with European explorers and traders shortly after 1500 AD. That's when they caught measles from their Iroquois and Mississippian neighbors. Many Shawnee died. There were fewer Shawnee people than there had been before. Shawnee people kept on living in villages, but the villages seem to have [...]

Pueblo Revolt – American history

By | 2017-08-13T22:57:06+00:00 August 13th, 2017|History, Native American|

Francisco Vasquez de Coronado In 1500 AD, people of the Pueblo nation had recently left their usual land, probably because of a long drought, and moved south and west to the valley of the Rio Grande. It was in the Rio Grande valley that they first met the Spanish invaders. Marcos de Niza, a Franciscan friar, [...]

The Paiute fight the United States

By | 2017-08-13T22:51:17+00:00 August 13th, 2017|History, Native American|

Sarah Winnemucca At first the Paiute didn't see any of the Spanish invaders who conquered the Pueblo people around 1500 AD, but they still felt the effects of the invasion. Spanish demands for workers led the Navajo and the Ute to made raids into Paiute land to capture people to sell as slaves. Around 1700, the Paiute were able to buy horses from the Ute (and indirectly from the Pueblo [...]

Nez Perce and smallpox – American history

By | 2017-08-13T22:44:56+00:00 August 13th, 2017|History, Native American|

Nez Perce girls Because the Nez Perce lived pretty far from the Pacific Coast, they didn't meet European explorers until the 1700s AD, more than two hundred years later than the Iroquois and Cherokee, and even later than their Chinook and Shoshone neighbors. But their isolation did not protect the Nez Perce from catching European diseases: many died of smallpox that they caught from their [...]