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10 09, 2017

Coca leaves – South American medicine

By |2019-04-11T19:59:14-07:00September 10th, 2017|Science, South America|0 Comments

History of coca leaves: Coca farming in the Andes Mountains When did coca plants evolve? Like potatoes, tomatoes, and tobacco, coca plants grow wild in the Andes Mountains of South America. They probably evolved around the same time as the other flowering plants, around 120 million years ago, in the Cretaceous Period. Cretaceous period South American medicine All our [...]

10 09, 2017

Central and South American religion

By |2019-03-08T21:30:13-07:00September 10th, 2017|Central America, Religion, South America|0 Comments

Maya Corn King on a plate Polytheism in the Americas The people who lived in South and Central America before 1500 were polytheistic - they believed in many different gods. Because they lived pretty near one another, and ate many of the same foods, some of their gods were pretty much the same. What is [...]

9 09, 2017

Who were the Valdivia people? South American history

By |2018-11-09T08:22:30-07:00September 9th, 2017|History, South America|0 Comments

Valdivian carving, ca. 3500-2000 BC The first people in Ecuador People probably first reached Ecuador by boat, about 13,000 BC. They were coming down the Pacific Coast from North America. These people settled in river valleys along the coast. They hunted and gathered their food, some on land but mostly by fishing in the ocean. About the same time as people in Asia and Africa, [...]

9 09, 2017

Norte Chico history – South America

By |2018-11-09T08:31:23-07:00September 9th, 2017|History, South America|1 Comment

Norte Chico building: Stepped platform at Caral (ca. 2200 BC) When did people first reach Peru? People probably first arrived in Peru about 13,000 BC. They were following the Pacific coast south from North America. More about Native Americans More South America articles Like the people who settled Brazil, on the other side of South America, around [...]

9 09, 2017

Who were the Nazca? South American history

By |2018-10-31T07:59:48-07:00September 9th, 2017|History, South America|2 Comments

Nazca lines - a giant monkey drawn on the desert floor Nazca replace the Chavin After the Chavin state collapsed about 250 BC, two new states formed in Peru - the Moche in the north and the Nazca in the south. What were the Chavin like? More about the Moche South America articles So by about 100 BC, [...]

9 09, 2017

Who were the Moche? South American history

By |2019-03-01T10:20:41-07:00September 9th, 2017|History, South America|0 Comments

Moche portrait of a blind man, 400-500 AD (thanks to Oberlin College) The collapse of the Chavin state in Peru, about 250 BC, seems to have opened the way for the Moche and the Nazca to develop states of their own. The Moche started up around 100 AD along the Pacific coast of South America, in what is now northern Peru. The [...]

9 09, 2017

South and Central American history

By |2018-04-19T15:03:11-07:00September 9th, 2017|Central America, History, South America|0 Comments

The Andes mountains run down the Pacific side of South America People first came to Central and South America probably around 20,000 years ago. They were probably traveling south from North America, though some people may also have come by boat across the Pacific Ocean. These earliest people, like other people elsewhere in the world at that time, [...]

9 09, 2017

Who were the Inca? South American history

By |2019-09-12T05:07:04-07:00September 9th, 2017|History, South America|0 Comments

Inca history: Macchu Picchu Before the Inca Until the 1400s AD, the Pacific coast of South America was made up of a lot of small independent kingdoms. First the Valdivia and Norte Chico people lived there. Then the Moche, the Chavin and the Mapuche took over. Who were the Norte Chico people? Who were the Moche? And the Mapuche? South [...]

9 09, 2017

Who were the Guarani? South American history

By |2019-07-26T21:14:43-07:00September 9th, 2017|South America|0 Comments

Guarani people performing a dance in the 1800s The Tupi move south When the first Tupi people expanded their territory from Central America to reach the coast of Brazil about 900 BC, some of them kept on moving south along the Atlantic coast. Early history of Brazil South American history All our South America articles From [...]

9 09, 2017

Who were the Chavin? South American history

By |2019-03-20T21:43:54-07:00September 9th, 2017|South America|0 Comments

Chavin stone carving From Norte Chico to Chavin By around 900 BC, the Norte Chico people of northern Peru developed into the Chavin culture. Like the earlier Norte Chico people, the Chavin people used irrigation to farm potatoes, tomatoes, peanuts, and hot chili peppers. Who were the Norte Chico people? What about Valdivia further north? History of potatoes All our South America [...]