Cotton, wool, silk and hemp - Ancient India Projects
Welcome to Quatr.us Study Guides!

Cotton, wool, silk, hemp

People in India were the first to grow cotton, about 2500 BC. It took four thousand years to spread cotton growing from India to China and Europe. But wherever people were, when they did get cotton they really liked it.

Why is that? What is it about cotton that makes it different from wool, or hemp, or silk (the main fabrics people used before they had cotton)?

Why not let the children try to discover differences for themselves? You might want to have them work in pairs. Give each pair a small square of cotton, one of wool, one of silk, and one of hemp cloth. (You should be able to get parents to send in scraps of cotton, wool, and silk; make sure they are 100% cotton, not cotton polyester). You might have to get the hemp yourself, but a yard should be plenty for a whole class.
(Or, give each team only one kind of cloth to find out about, and then compare later?)

Then let the children come up with ideas for what to test. What would make one piece of clothing better than another? Is one of the pieces more waterproof? (They could try pouring water on them and measuring how much drips through in a certain amount of time) Is one of the pieces thinner or thicker? Does it matter whether it is knitted or woven, or how tightly it is woven? If they look at the cloth under a microscope, do they notice any differences? What might those differences mean for clothing? If they compare their own results with those of the other people in the class, do any general conclusions result from that? Can they graph their results? What kind of cloth would you want for hot weather? Cold weather? Rainy weather?

More about the history of cotton

Other activities:

* The Ramayana (putting on a play)

Bibliography and further reading about cotton:

Cotton and Silk, by Jacqueline Dineen (1988). Easy reading.

Cotton, by Guinevere Healy-Johnson and Nancy Shaw (1999). Also for kids.

Cotton Now & Then, by Karen B. Willing (1996).

A day in ancient India
More about ancient India
Quatr.us home


Celebrating Black History Month with the pharaoh Hatshepsut, the queen Shanakdakhete, the poet Phillis Wheatley, the medical consultant Onesimus, the freedom fighters Toussaint L'Ouverture, Denmark Vesey, Yaa Asantewaa, and Samora Moises Machel, and the civil rights leader Martin Luther King, Jr.
Please help other teachers and students find us: link to this page from your class page.
Karen Carr is Associate Professor Emerita, Department of History, Portland State University. She holds a doctorate in Classical Art and Archaeology from the University of Michigan. Follow her on Instagram or Twitter.
Cite this page
  • Author: K.E. Carr
  • Title:
  • Site Name: Quatr.us Study Guides
  • Publisher: Quatr.us
  • Date Published:
Proud of your class page, homework page, or resource page? Send it in and win a Quatr.us "Great Page!" award!
Sign up for more free articles and special offers in Quatr.us' weekly newsletter:
We will never share your e-mail address unless you allow us to do so. View our privacy policy. Easy unsubscribe links are provided in every email.
Comment on This Article

Cool stuff we've been enjoying: Looking for birthday gifts? Check out these new Chromebooks - all the computer you need for only $229.00!. Then study in peace with these Beats wireless headphones - for the exact same price! When you're done, show off your presentation or watch a movie with this excellent smartphone projector for only $39.99!


Does your class page honor diversity, celebrate feminism, and support people of color, LBGTQ people, and people with disabilities? Let us know, and we'll send you a Diversity Banner you can proudly display!
Looking for more?
ADVERTISEMENT
Quatr.us is loading comments...
(Comments will appear after moderation, if they are kind and helpful. Feel free to ask questions, and we'll try to answer them.)
Cite this page
  • Carr, K.E. . Quatr.us Study Guides, . Web. 24 February, 2017
ADVERTISEMENT