Algonquin and Cheyenne
Cheyenne people are related to the Algonquin people. From the Paleo-Indian period onward Cheyenne people lived in the Great Lakes area (in modern Minnesota). They were related to other Algonquin people like the Blackfoot and the Cree. “Cheyenne” is a Sioux word for “people who speak a different language” – it’s not what the Cheyenne called themselves. Like the Cree, the Cheyenne did a lot of fishing in the Great Lakes.
Bows and arrows
Cheyenne people started to use bows and arrows to hunt about 3000 BC. Then around 500 AD, they learned – probably from their Blackfoot neighbors – how to make a more powerful recurve bow. They used the bow to hunt deer and moose.
Cheyenne people farmed corn
But the Cheyenne lived a little further south than the Algonquin and the Cree. That meant that they could farm corn like their neighbors, the Mandan, the Sioux, and the Crow. The Cheyenne probably started to farm corn around 900 AD. Like the Crow, the Cheyenne lived in earth lodges in villages. They made pottery.
Did you find out what you wanted to know about the history of the Cheyenne? Read on to find out what happened to the Cheyenne after Europeans invaded North America in the 1500s AD.