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Early Cheyenne history – Native Americans

By |2018-04-07T17:05:53+00:00September 28th, 2017|History, North America|

Cheyenne history: For a long time, Cheyenne people lived in Minnesota, along rivers like this one. Algonquin and Cheyenne Cheyenne people are related to the Algonquin people. From the Paleo-Indian period onward Cheyenne people lived in the Great Lakes area (in modern Minnesota). They were related to other Algonquin people like the Blackfoot and the Cree. "Cheyenne" is [...]

Early Native American Economy – farming and trade

By |2018-04-07T17:05:53+00:00September 28th, 2017|Economy, Native American|

Native American economy: Pomo people fishing (California, 1816) Fishing and gathering food When people first came to North America, maybe about 15,000 BC, they were probably mostly following the fish along the coast, and fishing is what they spent most of their time doing. In California, and along the East Coast, people like the Iroquois also gathered [...]

Maya gods and rituals – Central American religion

By |2017-09-10T13:09:15+00:00September 10th, 2017|Central America, Religion|

Maya pyramid at Tonina (ca. 700 AD) Maya people believed that the world was created by One Deer. One Deer created the mother and father of the gods (like Brahma and Gayatri or Gaia and Kronos). Then the mother and father created many other gods. They created the gods of the crops like the Corn God, the god [...]

Central and South American religion

By |2017-09-10T10:53:07+00:00September 10th, 2017|Central America, Religion, South America|

Maya Corn King on a plate The people who lived in South and Central America before 1500 were polytheistic - they believed in many different gods. Because they lived pretty near one another, and ate many of the same foods, some of their gods were pretty much the same. The Mayan Corn God, for example, [...]

Corn and Maize Mountain – A Mayan story

By |2017-09-09T23:42:29+00:00September 9th, 2017|Central America, Literature|

A bolt of lightning in the sky Maya people liked to tell a story about how people first got corn (maize) to eat. There were a lot of different versions of this story. But they mostly had the same basic idea. They said that at one time all the corn was hidden inside a mountain, and [...]

Who were the Valdivia people? South American history

By |2018-05-30T17:40:18+00:00September 9th, 2017|History, South America|

Valdivian carving, ca. 3500-2000 BC People probably first reached Ecuador by boat, about 13,000 BC. They were coming down the Pacific Coast from North America. These people settled in river valleys along the coast. They hunted and gathered their food, some on land but mostly by fishing in the ocean. About the same time as people in Asia and Africa, they started farming. Around 8000 BC, they [...]

Who were the Mapuche? South American history

By |2018-04-28T01:07:06+00:00September 9th, 2017|History|

Changos whale hunt, El Madano, ca. 1000 AD There were probably people living in Chile (a narrow strip of land in South America between the Andes Mountains and the Pacific Ocean) by around 12,000 BC. They came south with their dogs along the coast of South America, either walking or in small boats. Like most other people in South [...]

Who were the Guarani? South American history

By |2018-04-25T23:01:01+00:00September 9th, 2017|History, South America|

Guarani people performing a dance in the 1800s When the first Tupi people expanded their territory from Central America to reach the coast of Brazil about 900 BC, some of them kept on moving south along the Atlantic coast. About a thousand years later, maybe about 1 AD, some of those Tupi people moved inland. They abandoned [...]

Who were the Chavin? South American history

By |2018-04-25T20:14:53+00:00September 9th, 2017|South America|

A Chavin carving By around 900 BC, the Norte Chico people of northern Peru developed into the Chavin culture. Like the earlier Norte Chico people, the Chavin people used irrigation to farm potatoes, tomatoes, peanuts, and hot chili peppers. They also farmed corn, but they really ate mostly potatoes and quinoa, which grow better high in the Andes mountains. They hunted deer with spears [...]

Brazil’s early history – South America

By |2018-09-07T08:54:52+00:00September 8th, 2017|History, South America|

Venus of Santarem (Brazil, ca. 1400-1000 BC) When did people get to Brazil? The first people probably arrived on the Atlantic coast of South America about 15,000 BC. Probably a second wave of people followed them around 11,000 BC. More about people reaching the Americas How did they get there? The first people to reach Brazil [...]