Greek art: order and chaos
Artists in ancient Greece thought of art as a way of creating order out of chaos – taming wild things and making them into something human and good.
Music in ancient Greece
Greek philosophers like Pythagoras tried to figure out the mathematical patterns of music: how music and numbers were related to each other. Greek plays, which started as a kind of musical performance, brought music together with explorations of ethical questions and contrasted irrational emotion (often personified by female characters) with calm reasoning (often embodied by male characters).
Ancient Greek architecture
Greek architects also thought of their buildings as bringing order out of chaos; they took unformed rocks and carved them into regular blocks, and used them to form temples. They thought that architecture and music shared an interest in rhythm.
Greek sculpture was the same way. Sculptors carved the naked male body, the height of perfect reason and control. They showed these men fighting scary forces of chaos. They fought centaurs, Amazons, giants, foreigners, and monsters.
Ancient Greek painting
In the Classical period, Greek pottery shows us, once again, scenes of the struggle between order and chaos: men fighting monsters, satyrs drinking and partying. But the paintings, which more often represent gods, also show us that to the Greeks, the gods themselves were often forces of chaos, and religious ritual represented man’s effort to control the gods and force them into the realm of reason.
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Ancient Greek Art, by Susie Hodge (1998)- easy reading.
Greek Art and Archaeology (3rd Edition), by John G. Pedley (2002) A lot of good information and is pretty readable. Plus, the author is really an expert in this field.
The Archaeology of Greece: An Introduction, by William R. Biers (revised edition 1996) Biers writes very clearly and has a lot of good pictures.