nomos

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The god Varuna – Hinduism – India

By |2017-07-21T13:25:30+00:00July 21st, 2017|India, Religion|

Monsoon rain (Goa) Around 1000 BC, in the Vedic period in India, Varuna was an important Hindu god. Varuna was originally a sky god - his name means "the one who covers everything." Often people think of Varuna as a rain god. He represented order in the universe (against the forces of chaos). Some parts of Varuna's identity, at [...]

What is dharma? Hinduism – India

By |2017-07-21T08:23:46+00:00July 21st, 2017|India, Religion|

Arjuna fights Shiva (in a story from the Mahabharata) Dharma is a Sanskrit word originally meaning order or solidity or normality. It comes from an earlier Indo-European (Yamnaya) word meaning firm, solid, like wood or a tree. Hindus later on used it to mean something like "law" or "duty" - it's the laws of nature that keep order [...]

Who was Pythagoras? Greek Mathematics

By |2018-10-01T10:46:35+00:00July 18th, 2017|Greeks, Math|

Near where Pythagoras lived: Doric temple at Paestum, Italy Who was Pythagoras? Pythagoras lived in the 500s BC. He was one of the first Greek mathematical thinkers that we know about, after Thales. Who was Thales? All about Greek mathematics Lots of articles about ancient Greece Pythagoras spent most of his life in the Greek colonies in [...]

Greek mathematics – Geometry and Proofs – Ancient Greece

By |2018-04-22T10:26:50+00:00July 18th, 2017|Greeks, Math|

Greek math: An Egyptian papyrus from about 100 AD which is a piece of one of Euclid's books Greek math: geometry not algebra Because people in ancient Greece had only very clumsy ways of writing down numbers, they didn't like algebra. They found it very hard to write down equations or number problems. Instead, Greek mathematicians were [...]

Who was Anaximander? Infinity and Greek science

By |2017-07-18T07:32:45+00:00July 18th, 2017|Greeks, Science|

Theater of Miletus Anaximander was born about 610 BC in the Greek city of Miletus, in what is now Turkey. So he was able to have the great mathematician Thales of Miletus as his teacher. Thales was probably about 35 when Anaximander was twenty years old. The two mathematicians worked together for most of their lives. Anaximander [...]

Ancient Greek science – math, astronomy, medicine

By |2018-08-22T14:21:07+00:00July 18th, 2017|Greeks, Science|

Ancient Greek science: Greek doctor letting blood out of a patient because he believes in the four humors When did Greek science get started? By about 600 BC, ancient Greek people were getting richer from trading between Egypt, West Asia, Carthage, and Europe. Now richer families could afford to send their boys to college. More boys got a good education and became scientists. Soon [...]

What are nomos and physis? Greek philosophy

By |2018-04-23T09:41:10+00:00July 12th, 2017|Greeks, Philosophy|

Nomos and physis: Laocoon: being strangled by snakes People in ancient Greece often thought of the world as being a fight, or an agon, between the two forces of rationalism and chaos, or between law and nature. The Greeks called these two forces "nomos", meaning law and order and rationalism, and "physis" (FU-sis), [...]

Who was Aristotle? – Greek philosophy – Ancient Greece

By |2018-05-11T14:11:12+00:00July 12th, 2017|Greeks, Philosophy|

Who was Aristotle? An ancient Egyptian papyrus with a scrap of Aristotle's "Politics" Aristotle's family Aristotle's father was Nicomachus, a doctor who lived near Macedon, in the north of Greece. (More about ancient Greek doctors) His mother Phaestis was from Euboea. She probably worked from home. So, unlike Socrates and Plato, Aristotle was [...]

Greek art history: rhythm, order, and pattern – Ancient Greece

By |2018-04-22T10:26:48+00:00July 2nd, 2017|Art, Greeks|

Greek art: A slave woman plays a kithara (Athens, ca. 480 BC) Greek art: order and chaos Artists in ancient Greece thought of art as a way of creating order out of chaos - taming wild things and making them into something human and good. Music in ancient Greece Greek musicians took noise [...]