Pandora’s Box story – Greek mythology

Home » Pandora’s Box story – Greek mythology
Print Friendly, PDF & Email
Hephaistos creates Pandora - Pandora's Box story

Pandora’s Box story: The Greek god Hephaistos creates Pandora

When Zeus was so angry at Prometheus for giving people fire, he was also mad at the people who had tricked him into taking the wrong bag of meat. Zeus got back at the people by getting Hephaistos to make a beautiful woman, whom he named Pandora (which means all-gifts).

Epithemeus and Pandora’s box

Zeus sent Pandora down to earth and gave her as a present to Prometheus‘ brother, Epimetheus. Zeus told Epimetheus that he should marry Pandora. Also, Zeus sent Pandora with a little box, with a big lock on it (Actually in the earliest versions of this story it is a sealed pottery vase). He said not to ever open the box, and he gave the key to Epimetheus.

Greek red figure vase with a white woman painted on it, sitting down and opening a box - Pandora's box story

(This isn’t really Pandora (it’s a Muse) but there aren’t any Greek pictures of Pandora opening the box) – Louvre Museum

But Pandora was very curious about what was in the box. She begged Epimetheus to let her open it, but he always said no. Finally one day he fell asleep, and she stole the key (or broke the seal) and opened the box (or vase).

What was in Pandora’s box?

Oh! Out of the box flew every kind of trouble that people had never known about before: sicknesses, and worries, and crimes, and hate and envy and all sorts of bad things. The bad things all began to fly away like little bugs, all over the place. Pandora was very sorry now that she had opened the box! She tried to catch the bad things and put them back in the box but it was too late. They all flew away.

What does the Pandora’s Box story mean?

But the very last thing to fly out of the box, as Pandora sat there crying, was not as ugly as the others. In fact it was beautiful. It was Hope, which Zeus sent to keep people going when all the nasty things got them down.

The story of Pandora explains why bad things happen to good people, by telling us that it’s because our ancestors were bad, long, long ago. We owe a permanent debt because they tricked Zeus with a bad sacrifice. The Jewish Bible has a similar idea with Adam and Eve eating the apple.

Do you feel you understand the Pandora’s Box story now? Ask your questions in the comments.

Learn by doing: a project with seals and sealings
More about Prometheus

Bibliography and further reading about Pandora:

More about Prometheus
Ancient Greece home

By | 2017-12-07T23:42:43+00:00 July 16th, 2017|Greeks, Literature|6 Comments
Cite this page: Carr, K.E. Pandora’s Box story – Greek mythology. Study Guides, July 16, 2017. Web. December 13, 2017.

About the Author:

Karen Carr

Karen Carr is Associate Professor Emerita, Department of History, Portland State University. She holds a doctorate in Classical Art and Archaeology from the University of Michigan. Follow her on Instagram, Pinterest, or Twitter, or buy her book, Vandals to Visigoths.


  1. Kendall December 12, 2017 at 12:22 pm - Reply

    very very very useful

    • Karen Carr
      Karen Carr December 12, 2017 at 3:26 pm

      Thank you! That’s very kind of you. I’m glad we could help.

  2. Jae November 24, 2017 at 1:51 pm - Reply

    I used this for an Essay i had to write for English. thank you! it really summed up the story for me.

    • Karen Carr
      Karen Carr November 24, 2017 at 2:29 pm

      I’m so happy to hear it! Thank you for writing to let us know.

  3. 1234 November 16, 2017 at 1:47 pm - Reply

    pretty useful

    • Karen Carr
      Karen Carr November 20, 2017 at 3:42 pm


Leave A Comment