Zeus

/Tag: Zeus

Jupiter – Roman god – Roman religion

By |2018-04-16T23:51:47-07:00September 4th, 2017|Religion, Romans|

Jupiter (fresco from the House of the Dioscuri, Pompeii, ca. 79 AD) Jupiter was the chief of the gods for the Romans, the way Zeus was for the Greeks and Thor was for the Germans. In fact, they must have all originally been the same Indo-European sky god. Jupiter and Zeus really have the same name - Jupiter comes from Ju-pater, [...]

Philemon and Baucis – Ovid’s Metamorphoses

By |2018-04-25T10:20:25-07:00September 3rd, 2017|Literature, Religion, Romans|

Just a loaf of bread This is a story we only know because Ovid wrote it down in his poem, the Metamorphoses. It might be a traditional Greek story, but we don't know it from anywhere else. In this story, Philemon and Baucis are poor people who live out in the countryside in an area called [...]

The god Varuna – Hinduism – India

By |2017-07-21T13:25:30-07:00July 21st, 2017|India, Religion|

Monsoon rain (Goa) Around 1000 BC, in the Vedic period in India, Varuna was an important Hindu god. Varuna was originally a sky god - his name means "the one who covers everything." Often people think of Varuna as a rain god. He represented order in the universe (against the forces of chaos). Some parts of Varuna's identity, at [...]

Indra, god of rain – Ancient India

By |2017-07-21T09:16:14-07:00July 21st, 2017|India, Religion|

Indra, 4-5th c. AD (Mathura, India) In the earliest Hindu stories that we know of, from the Rig Veda, Indra is the ruler of the Hindu gods, the way Zeus is the ruler of the Greek gods, or Thor the ruler of the German gods. These stories probably go back at least to about 1000 BC. In the Rig Veda, Indra [...]

Who is Zeus? Ancient Greek gods

By |2018-04-23T13:52:31-07:00July 16th, 2017|Greeks, Religion|

The god Zeus is the lightning and the thunder Zeus was, for many people in ancient Greece, the king of the gods. Homer shows Zeus this way in the Iliad, for example. But mainly, Zeus is a sky god. People thought of him as living on top of a mountain (Mount Olympus). When he is angry he throws lightning bolts out [...]

Who was Prometheus? Greek religion

By |2018-04-23T13:51:22-07:00July 16th, 2017|Greeks, Religion|

Prometheus makes people (now in the Louvre museum) One of the Titans Prometheus was a Titan, one of the children of Ocean. He and his brother Epimetheus were Zeus' and Hera's cousins. They were not as powerful as Zeus and Hera and their brothers and sisters, but still had some god-like powers. They were very big, giants (that is why the famous [...]

Persephone and Hades – Greek religion

By |2018-04-23T09:49:50-07:00July 16th, 2017|History|

Hades kidnaps Persephone (mosaic from Amphipolis, 300s BC) Persephone was the daughter of the goddess Demeter. One day Persephone was dancing with her friends in a sunny meadow, having a good time, picking flowers. Suddenly Persephone's spooky uncle Hades burst out of the ground and grabbed her and pulled her into his chariot! He took Persephone (purr-SEFF-oh-nee) [...]

Tantalus’ Crime and Punishment

By |2018-06-10T23:32:21-07:00July 16th, 2017|Greeks, Literature|

Tantalus' crime and punishment: This Italian vase from the 300s BC shows a different version of the story where a spirit holds Tantalus back from a basket of bread and a jug of water Who was Tantalus in Greek myth? Tantalus (TAN-ta-luss) was a Greek king (and a son of Zeus) who was so full of hubris that he thought he could fool [...]

Phaethon and the Chariot of the Sun – Greek myth

By |2017-07-16T01:31:46-07:00July 16th, 2017|Greeks, Literature|

Phaethon drives Helios' chariot Phaethon was a little boy who lived alone with his mother. He started going to school, and the other children teased him because he didn't have any father. So when he got home he asked his mother, "Mom, who is my father?" At first his mother didn't want to tell him, [...]

Pandora’s Box story – Greek mythology

By |2018-10-02T07:54:07-07:00July 16th, 2017|Greeks, Literature|

Pandora's Box story in  Greek mythology: The Greek god Hephaistos creates Pandora Greek mythology tells the story of Pandora's Box: When Zeus was so angry at Prometheus for giving people fire, he was also mad at the people who had tricked him into taking the wrong bag of meat. How did people trick Zeus? Greek myths made easy [...]