Athena is one of the younger Greek goddesses; she is Zeus‘s daughter. Her mother was Metis (Wisdom). The story is that Zeus swallowed Metis, already pregnant with Athena, and then Athena was born, fully grown and armed, out of the head of Zeus. One day Zeus complained that he had a headache, and Hephaistos came and banged him on the head with an axe and out popped Athena!
Athena has no husband. She doesn’t fall in love and she doesn’t have children.
Athena is the goddess of wisdom; her symbol is the owl (the wise bird). She’s the patron goddess of the city of Athens, and her owl appears on Athenian silver coins. She is also a war goddess, which is why she is usually shown fully armed, with her shield and sword. And, because she’s so clever, she’s the goddess of crafts like weaving and pottery.
Bright-Eyed Athena: Stories from Ancient Greece, by Richard Woff.
Athena, by Blake Hoena. Easy reading.
We Goddesses: Athena, Aphrodite, Hera by Doris Orgel and Marilee Heyer. With a more feminist view.
D’aulaire’s Book of Greek Myths, by Edgar and Ingri D’Aulaire.
Greek Religion, by Walter Burkert (reprinted 1987). By a leading expert. He has sections on each of the Greek gods, and discusses their deeper meanings, and their function in Greek society.