Where are the Appalachian mountains?

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The Appalachians: low mountains covered with pine trees and a lake

The Appalachian Mountains

About 300 million years ago, near the end of the Carboniferous period, when the first reptiles were evolving, the tectonic plates began to form the supercontinent of Pangaea. When the Euramerica continent smashed into Gondwanaland, that pushed up the land to make the Appalachian mountains.

These Appalachian mountains are among the oldest mountains in the world. They have eroded over the years, so they aren’t very high anymore, and they don’t even have snow on them in the summertime. The Appalachians are about the same age as the Ural mountains that separate Asia from Europe, but they are far older than the Alps, the Himalayas, the Rockies, or even the Andes, which are the next oldest major mountains.

In historical times, Native American people lived all along the Appalachian mountains. The furthest south were the Cherokee and the Shawnee, then the Iroquois, and in the north the Algonquin.

Learn by Doing – Graph the height of mountain chains
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Bibliography and further reading about the Appalachian Mountains:

More about plate tectonics
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By | 2017-06-25T02:52:48+00:00 June 25th, 2017|Geology, North America|0 Comments
Cite this page: Carr, K.E. Where are the Appalachian mountains?. Quatr.us Study Guides, June 25, 2017. Web. December 13, 2017.

About the Author:

Karen Carr

Karen Carr is Associate Professor Emerita, Department of History, Portland State University. She holds a doctorate in Classical Art and Archaeology from the University of Michigan. Follow her on Instagram, Pinterest, or Twitter, or buy her book, Vandals to Visigoths.

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