What are Nomads? Definition of Nomad
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Early Europe
Central Asia
Islamic Empire
Native Americans
S./Central America
American History

What are Nomads?

San painting
San rock painting of hunters, date uncertain
from South Africa

Nomads are people who travel around from place to place without having one settled place where they live. Many are hunters and gatherers like the San. Often they are shepherds, goatherds, or cattle herders. Sometimes nomads do stay in one place all winter, and only travel in the summer, or the other way around.

But the needs of the sheep or cows force them to go where they can find grass for the sheep or cows to eat.
Most nomads trade with settled people in cities, selling their goat meat, their donkeys, and their horses, as well as cheese, to the city people in exchange for grain (wheat or barley), beans, olive oil, wine, and manufactured things like jewelry or knives.


People living in cities used to think nomads were stupid and lazy, because they didn't live in houses or work regular jobs or go to school. Sometimes city people thought that nomads were thieves, because many times thieves would also go out from the cities and live alone in the country, hiding out to keep from being killed. The West Asian religion of Zoroastrianism is very harsh toward nomads.

On the other side, many nomads, like the Jews, didn't think much of the city people either. Nomads tended to think that city people were wimpy, and also that they were bad, because they had things like fancy dresses and perfume that the nomads mostly didn't have, and they drank more wine and beer.

Some examples of groups of people who have lived as nomads are the Jews, the Arabs, the Mongols, the San, the Sioux Indians, and the Berbers.

Learn by doing: pick some wild berries or catch some fish
More about Native American nomads

Bibliography and further reading about nomads:

More about Central Asian nomads
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Professor Carr

Karen Eva Carr, PhD.
Assoc. Professor Emerita, History
Portland State University

Professor Carr holds a B.A. with high honors from Cornell University in classics and archaeology, and her M.A. and PhD. from the University of Michigan in Classical Art and Archaeology. She has excavated in Scotland, Cyprus, Greece, Israel, and Tunisia, and she has been teaching history to university students for a very long time.

Professor Carr's PSU page

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Now that the weather's nice, try some of these outdoor activities! How about bicycle polo, or archery for a Medieval Islam day? Or kite flying or making a compass for a day in Medieval China? How about making a shaduf for a day in Ancient Egypt? Holding an Ancient Greek Olympic Games or a medieval European tournament? Building a Native American wickiup?