Mongols

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Late Middle Ages timeline – 1100-1500 AD

By | 2017-10-13T13:09:23+00:00 September 10th, 2017|Central Asia, History, When|

The Mongol court (1200s AD) After the warming trend of 1000 AD came a colder period around 1300 AD called the Little Ice Age. Again, people felt the effects around the world. In Central Asia, the Mongols rose to power in the late 1200s AD. They conquered China, Russia, northern India, and most of the Islamic Empire and united them into one huge [...]

Jews in Medieval Europe – History

By | 2017-08-24T12:02:04+00:00 August 24th, 2017|History, Medieval, Religion|

Jewish money-lenders in medieval France The Middle Ages in Europe were a difficult time for the Jews. Many Jews lived in Western Europe between about 1000 and 1500 AD, but all the rulers were Christians, and almost all the people who had any power were Christians. These Christians thought Jews were different and strange. They suspected Jews of [...]

Medieval science in Europe

By | 2017-08-04T12:44:28+00:00 August 4th, 2017|Medieval, Science|

Italian pharmacy jar, about 1400 AD (Metropolitan Museum, New York) During the Middle Ages, the best scientists and doctors weren't in Europe. They were in the Islamic Empire to the south and east. Most of the science and medicine that people were doing in Europe was learning from Islamic scientists and doctors. Trade across the Mediterranean helped [...]

Late Middle Ages – history of Europe

By | 2017-08-03T16:04:36+00:00 August 3rd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Burying people who died of plague In the Late Middle Ages, the Mongol Empire brought peace to most of Asia, and encouraged trade along the Silk Road. Poland, Russia, and Italy profited from this trade. Europe was making more and more stuff to sell on the Silk Road, especially wool cloth. By the early 1300s, however, the Mongol Empire was collapsing, and [...]

Seventh Crusade – Louis IX and Baybars

By | 2017-08-03T15:02:32+00:00 August 3rd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Louis IX (Saint Louis) The Seventh Crusade was not started by any Pope, but by King Louis IX of France, who became known later as Saint Louis because of his great devotion to the Christian God. The year after the Mamluks captured Jerusalem from the Europeans in 1244 AD, Louis announced his Crusade (in 1245). His mother, Blanche of Castile, thought [...]

Late medieval Russia – History

By | 2017-08-03T14:52:48+00:00 August 3rd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Church of Yuriev-Polsky (1200s) By the 1200s AD, Russia was weak from civil wars. So the Mongols attacked Russia and forced the eastern part into the Mongol empire. The Mongol empire made it even easier to trade across Asia, and the Russians continued to get rich from this trade. But in the early 1300s, the trade [...]

Late medieval Poland – History

By | 2017-08-03T14:55:06+00:00 August 3rd, 2017|History, Medieval|

The treaty that Queen Jadwiga and Duke Jogaila signed in 1385 AD Queen Jadwiga was only ten years old in 1384. But her mother Elizabeth sent her north from Hungary to become the Queen of Poland. Elizabeth stayed behind to rule Hungary as regent for Jadwiga's older sister. By 1385, when she was twelve, Queen Jadwiga married [...]

The Black Death (Bubonic Plague)

By | 2017-11-22T15:32:25+00:00 August 3rd, 2017|History, Medieval|

A person with a bubo from bubonic plague on their leg Bubonic plague (along with smallpox) was one of the most feared diseases of the ancient and medieval worlds. Nobody could tell what caused it. Most people who got it died within a few days, screaming in pain. And when one or two people [...]