Did climate change cause a Bronze Age crisis?
But even as people created the world’s first cities and governments, the world continued to get warmer. This may have been caused partly by farming itself. Maybe the farmers cut down too many trees that had been taking carbon dioxide out of the atmosphere.
What happened to the cities?
By about 2000 BC, it was so warm that even in the river valleys, there really wasn’t enough water to keep the civilization going. In some places, like the Indus valley in Pakistan, people gradually abandoned their cities. Probably a lot of people starved to death, and the rest moved up into the hills where it was cooler and rained more.
In Egypt, this warming may have caused the First Intermediate Period. The same changes may have encouraged the Yamnaya or Indo-Europeans to leave Central Asia and invade West Asia, Europe, and eventually Egypt and India.
A second Bronze Age climate crisis
This drought also seems to have ended the Hittite kingdom and driven the Mycenaeans out of Greece, to invade Israel as the Philistines (This is where the Bible stories of David and Goliath and Samson and Delilah come from). The same drought may have ended the Shang Dynasty in China, too.
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