Third Intermediate Period

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Greek hoplites and democracy – Classical Greece

By |2018-05-30T23:35:45-07:00July 19th, 2017|Greeks, War|

Greek hoplites and democracy - a Corinthian helmet from the 600s BC Hoplites needed armor When the Greek city-states turned to this new hoplite way of fighting, it meant that each man had to have the right armor. Nobody could fight without a shield, and a helmet, and all that. So you could only be a [...]

Climate change and the Philistines

By |2019-04-10T09:19:07-07:00June 20th, 2017|Africa, Environment, West Asia|

Did climate change cause a Bronze Age crisis? Tomb stela of Nemti-ui, from the First Intermediate Period. The stele's only painted, not carved, because people couldn't afford carving after the climate change collapse. But even as people created the world's first cities and governments, the world continued to get warmer. This may have [...]

Third Intermediate Period: Ancient Egypt

By |2018-05-08T15:37:32-07:00June 17th, 2017|Africa, Egypt, History|

Philistines on the Egyptian temple at Medinet Habu After the death of the last Ramses in 1085 BC, Egypt fell apart. Nobody knows exactly why, but there may have been a serious drought. The Hittite and Mycenaean cultures collapsed at the same time, and various people from that area invaded Egypt, where they [...]