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Early African warfare – mercenaries and catapults

By | 2017-10-03T11:53:07+00:00 October 3rd, 2017|Africa, War|

Nubian archers in the Middle Kingdom (from the Nubian museum in Aswan, Egypt) Early African soldiers, like the soldiers of Europe and West Asia and India, were generally men. These African soldiers also generally fought with the same weapons as in Asia and Europe - spears, leather shields, and bows and arrows. Nubian archers from Sudan were so good at killing people that Egyptian pharaohs hired [...]

Mercenaries and military history

By | 2017-09-20T08:20:10+00:00 September 20th, 2017|War|

Nubian archers in the Middle Kingdom (from the Nubian museum in Aswan, Egypt). About 2000 BC. Mercenaries (MURR-sinn-air-eez) are paid volunteer soldiers: they are soldiers who are fighting as a job, not in order to save their country or for the glory of God. They only fight if they are paid, or for the [...]

Roman army from the Republic to the fall of Rome

By | 2017-09-05T02:09:04+00:00 September 5th, 2017|Romans, War|

Testudo formation on the Column of Trajan, Rome Roman soldiers learned how to do a lot of complicated movements so that they could fight better. One of the most famous was the testudo or "turtle".  All the soldiers used their shields to make a sort of shell all around the unit, as you [...]

Roman wars and warfare – the Roman military

By | 2017-09-05T00:07:32+00:00 September 5th, 2017|Romans, War|

Roman soldiers on the Column of Marcus Aurelius, Rome The Romans were (along with some Greek city-states) among the first people on Earth to pay their soldiers a regular salary so that they could be full-time soldiers instead of only fighting when they could spare the time from their farms. At first, the Romans had part-time soldiers like the Carthaginians and [...]

Cherokee warfare – Native Americans

By | 2017-08-10T14:08:25+00:00 August 10th, 2017|Native American, War|

Cherokee arrowhead In the Late Woodland and Mississippian period, about 500 AD to 1500 AD, Cherokee men fought a lot of wars with their neighbors, especially against the Creek and the Chocktaw men. When Cherokee men were fighting their enemies, they tied strips of otter skin around their heads, upper arms, and legs below the knees, to show that they [...]

European Warfare – Military history

By | 2017-08-07T21:45:23+00:00 August 7th, 2017|Modern Europe, War|

British cannon from the Hundred Years' War (now at Mont St. Michel) Not long before 1500 AD, everything medieval soldiers did in wars suddenly changed. First, Europeans learned how to make and use gunpowder from Central Asian scientists, and they put gunpowder into metal cannons. Once you had cannons, you could blow holes in thick castle walls and in soldiers' armor, and [...]

In Flanders Fields – a war poem

By | 2017-08-07T21:40:36+00:00 August 7th, 2017|Modern Europe, War|

Poppies growing in a field This poem, written by John McCrae in May 1915, was one of the most famous poems of World War I. McCrae himself died in the war in 1918, and his poem is remembered every year when millions of people wear red poppies pinned to their jackets or hats to [...]

Weapons, war, and armor in medieval Europe

By | 2017-08-04T13:56:30+00:00 August 4th, 2017|Medieval, War|

British cannon from the Hundred Years' War (now at Mount St. Michel) Throughout the Middle Ages, nobody in Europe had much money or power. Kings couldn't afford to maintain a standing, professional army the way the Romans had. Instead, when the king wanted to fight a war, he ordered each of his lords [...]