Hittites

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Third Dynasty of Ur – Mesopotamia – West Asian history

By |2018-04-25T23:49:52+00:00September 14th, 2017|History, West Asia|

Standard of Ur This is the Middle Bronze Age in West Asia, about 2100 BC to 1700 BC. It corresponds roughly to the First Intermediate Period in Egypt, and just as in Egypt this was a time when West Asia was broken up into a lot of little kingdoms instead of being one big empire. In Greece, [...]

Who were the Trojans? – West Asian history

By |2018-04-07T17:04:51+00:00September 14th, 2017|History, West Asia|

A reconstruction of what Troy VI might have looked like. For thousands of years, people read Homer's Iliad and learned the story of the Trojan War. But nobody knew if it had really happened, or if there really even was a city of Troy. In the 1800s, a German man named Heinrich Schliemann decided to look for [...]

Who were the Hittites? West Asian history

By |2018-04-25T23:55:40+00:00September 14th, 2017|History, West Asia|

History of the Hittites: Hittite musicians in long and short tunics (1500 BC, modern Turkey) History of the Hittites The Hittites were Indo-European people. They seem to have moved south from the Caspian Sea into southern Turkey around 2000 BC, about the same time that the Trojans were moving into Troy and the Greeks were moving into Greece. The Hittites were different from [...]

West Asian history – The Levant, Mesopotamia, and Iran

By |2018-04-25T23:50:36+00:00September 14th, 2017|History, West Asia|

Map of West Asia People also call West Asia the Near East or the Middle East. It is the part of Asia that is closest to the Mediterranean Sea. West Asia covers all the land between Russia in the north, Afghanistan in the east, the Persian Gulf in the south, and the Mediterranean Sea in the west. The Levant is the [...]

Amorites – Mesopotamia – West Asian history

By |2018-04-25T23:48:13+00:00September 13th, 2017|History, West Asia|

History of the Amorites: an Amorite jug, about 2200 BC Where did the Amorites live? About 2400 BC, the Amorites were living in what is now southern Turkey and Syria. Amorites means "westerners" in Sumerian, and that makes sense because the Amorites lived to the west of Sumer. They spoke a Semitic language, and lived partly [...]

West Asian economy in the Dark Age

By |2018-04-25T23:26:45+00:00September 12th, 2017|Economy, West Asia|

The temple of Goliath's town, Gath - apparently founded by the Philistines, when they fled the economic problems at home and arrived in Israel around 1100 BC The political collapse around 1200 BC in West Asia may have been related to an economic collapse about the same time. Between about 1200 and about 1000 BC, not so much trade was [...]

West Asian economy – the Bronze Age

By |2018-11-01T08:31:00+00:00September 12th, 2017|Economy, West Asia|

West Asian economy: Bronze Age tin ingots from a shipwreck near Haifa Trading for tin When people first began to use bronze, about 3000 BC, they had to trade a lot more than they had before, because they needed tin to make the bronze. You don't find tin just anywhere. What is bronze? Bronze Age timeline At [...]

History of iron and blacksmithing – from iron to steel

By |2018-04-07T17:04:34+00:00September 7th, 2017|Science, West Asia|

History of iron: a Greek black-figure vase showing a blacksmith at work (Athens, about 550 BC) Why do people use iron? The history of iron doesn't start until much later than bronze. Iron is harder to form into metal than copper or bronze, because it needs a much hotter fire and a more complicated process. But if [...]

The Yamnaya and the Indo-European language family

By |2018-04-21T13:20:00+00:00July 27th, 2017|Central Asia, History|

Yamnaya get around: Map of the spread of Indo-European languages Who were the Yamnaya? People we call the Yamnaya (Ukrainian for "People who lived in pits") seem to have been speaking an early version of the Indo-European language at least as early as 5000 BC in the area between the Black Sea and the Caspian [...]

Where do horses come from?

By |2018-09-17T06:27:04+00:00June 20th, 2017|Central Asia, History|

Where do horses come from? Wild horses and the history of horses Where did horses first evolve? Horses, at first, were all wild animals like zebras are today. Although they first evolved in North America about 3.5 million years ago, horses became extinct there. When did mammals evolve? Why did horses die out [...]