Mycenaeans

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Who were the Trojans? – West Asian history

By | 2017-09-14T18:39:53+00:00 September 14th, 2017|History, West Asia|

A reconstruction of what Troy VI might have looked like. For thousands of years, people read Homer's Iliad and learned the story of the Trojan War. But nobody knew if it had really happened, or if there really even was a city of Troy. In the 1800s, a German man named Heinrich Schliemann decided to look for [...]

Who were the Philistines? West Asian history

By | 2017-09-14T17:35:22+00:00 September 14th, 2017|History, West Asia|

Philistines on the Egyptian temple of Medinet Habu At the end of the Late Bronze Age, around 1200 BC, there were bad times all over the Mediterranean and West Asia. The Egyptian New Kingdom collapsed, and so did the Hittite Empire. We don't exactly know why. It may have been a change in the climate, which caused a drought and [...]

Late Bronze Age timeline: 2000 – 1000 BC

By | 2017-09-10T17:55:52+00:00 September 10th, 2017|Central Asia, History|

Earliest known spoked wheels, from a grave in western Siberia When about 2000 BC the Central Asians invented better wheels with spokes, so you could fight from your chariot, a new wave of Indo-Europeans moved from Central Asia west to Greece, and Italy, or south into Egypt and Iran, and from Iran about 1500 BC to India. Some of [...]

Mycenaeans – Late Bronze Age Greece

By | 2017-07-07T23:22:18+00:00 July 7th, 2017|Greeks, History|

Two women and a child (Mycenae, ca. 1500 BC) By around 1600 BC, the Greeks had gotten completely mixed with the earlier Lerna people, and began to move on to bigger things. First, they started to get to know the other people living around the Mediterranean Sea, especially the Phoenicians (foy-NEE-shans), the Cretans, [...]

Climate change and the Philistines

By | 2017-06-20T01:15:45+00:00 June 20th, 2017|Africa, Environment, West Asia|

But even as people created the world's first cities and governments, the world continued to get warmer. This may have been caused partly by farming itself. Maybe the farmers cut down too many trees that had been taking carbon dioxide out of the atmosphere. By about 2000 BC, it was so warm that even in [...]

What is fresco painting? History of Art

By | 2017-05-25T09:15:45+00:00 May 25th, 2017|Art, History|

Fresco painting from Thera, Greece (about 1600 BC) Fresco is the Italian word for "fresh", and that's because painters do fresco painting on fresh, wet plaster walls. That way the colors really sink in to the plaster, and you get a glowing kind of color that is very different from what you would get [...]