Harappan

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10 09, 2017

Late Bronze Age timeline: 2000 – 1000 BC

By |2017-09-10T17:55:52-07:00September 10th, 2017|Central Asia, History|0 Comments

Earliest known spoked wheels, from a grave in western Siberia When about 2000 BC the Central Asians invented better wheels with spokes, so you could fight from your chariot, a new wave of Indo-Europeans moved from Central Asia west to Greece, and Italy, or south into Egypt and Iran, and from Iran about 1500 BC to India. Some of [...]

21 07, 2017

What is Hinduism? A religion of India

By |2019-09-18T07:44:50-07:00July 21st, 2017|India|2 Comments

Hinduism: Arjuna fighting Karna, with Krishna as his charioteer (Duttapara Temple, ca. 1500s AD) What does "Hindu" mean? The word Hindu comes from the river Indus. So it just means the people who live near the Indus river (actually in modern Pakistan). Indian environment Religions of India All our India articles Harappans and Hinduism [...]

20 07, 2017

Stories of ancient India

By |2017-07-20T17:16:54-07:00July 20th, 2017|India, Literature|1 Comment

Harappan Seal One of the earliest known writing systems came from India, probably around 2500 BC. Unfortunately, nobody can read the Harappan writing yet. But we know people were using this writing to mark their property, so other people couldn't steal it, and to keep track of things. The writing was in pictographs, like Egyptian hieroglyphs. [...]

20 07, 2017

Mehrgahr – Stone Age India

By |2019-09-17T11:00:35-07:00July 20th, 2017|India|2 Comments

Clay figurines from Mehrgahr First people in India The first people reached India from Africa around 40,000 BC. There were probably still Neanderthals and Denisovans further north, but not in India. At first Indian people probably got most of their food from fishing and gathering shellfish, like other people around the world at this time. People leave Africa Early [...]

20 07, 2017

Who were the Harappans? History of India

By |2019-09-14T06:38:23-07:00July 20th, 2017|India|8 Comments

Harappan Seal Who were the Harappans? Around 4500 BC, some new people from West Asia moved into the Indus Valley and mixed with the Mehrgahr people who were already there. They brought some West Asian foods with them: lentils, and then later chickpeas. They also brought flax, to make linen clothing, and safflowers for their oil. And they brought, [...]

20 07, 2017

Vedic India – history of India

By |2018-04-23T14:45:28-07:00July 20th, 2017|History, India|0 Comments

Vedic India: A horse-drawn chariot from the Oxus Treasure (British Museum, thanks to Mary Harrsch) About 1500 BC, a new group of people seem to have come to India from the north-west: this time, they were the Yamnaya. The Yamnaya came from Central Asia, between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea. We also call these people [...]

19 07, 2017

Indian art – Ancient and medieval

By |2019-09-12T15:34:56-07:00July 19th, 2017|Art, India|0 Comments

Indian art: Clay figurines from Mehrgahr, from the Stone Age The earliest art Major themes of Indian art seem to begin emerging as early as the Stone Age. The earliest art looks something like Mesopotamian art from Iraq. But it is noticeably different too. It's like later art in India in some ways. [...]

19 07, 2017

Indian architecture – Ancient India

By |2019-09-12T16:04:04-07:00July 19th, 2017|Architecture, India|0 Comments

Early Indian architecture: Rock-cut temples at Ajanta, India The Stone Age and the Bronze Age The earliest buildings anyone knows of from India are from Mehrgahr, from about 7000 BC. But the first real stone architecture dates to about 2500 BC, in the Harappan period in northern India (modern Pakistan). Harappan architecture More about Mehrgahr And the Harappans [...]

19 07, 2017

Harappan architecture – India

By |2019-08-06T09:01:25-07:00July 19th, 2017|Architecture, India|0 Comments

Harappan architecture: Bath building at Mohenjo-Daro, 2500 BC Early houses in India The earliest big buildings in India were built by the Harappan people in the Indus River valley, about 2500 BC. The Harappan buildings included high brick walls around their cities to keep out enemies. Most of the buildings were ordinary mud brick houses, with rooms arranged [...]