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Bronze Age timeline: 4000-2000 BC

By | 2018-04-07T17:04:35+00:00 September 10th, 2017|Central Asia, History|

A clay pot with a drawing of a wheeled cart from what is now Poland, about 3500 BC Around 4000 BC, there were enough people in West Asia, Egypt, China, and Peru for them to live in small cities (about 10,000-50,000 people). These places began to choose kings to govern them. Then they formed the first small empires. They built the [...]

Who were the Aztec? Central American history

By | 2018-04-27T17:46:57+00:00 September 8th, 2017|Central America, Where|

Aztec brazier (about 1300 AD) Mexica people move to Mexico Beginning in the 1100s AD, the Medieval Warming Period seems to have made it too hard to live where the Mexica were in North America. So the Mexica people moved south to what is now Mexico. The Mexica were relatives of the Shoshone and Ute people who lived in the Rocky [...]

Joseph and Egypt – Bible stories

By | 2017-10-09T17:15:42+00:00 August 24th, 2017|Religion, West Asia|

Joseph dreams and gets put in the well, then talks to Pharaoh (Egypt, 500s AD, cloth) According to the Bible, Isaac was the son of Abraham and Sarah. Isaac married Rebecca. And they had two sons, Jacob and Esau (EE-sow). And Jacob married two women (this was allowed then), Rachel and Leah, who were sisters. Jacob [...]

Abraham and the Jews – Bible stories

By | 2017-10-09T16:38:29+00:00 August 23rd, 2017|Religion, West Asia|

Abraham and Isaac (Egypt, 300s AD) Shortly after the episode with the Tower of Babel, the Bible tells us that some of the Jews decided to leave Mesopotamia where the Sumerians were, and travel further west towards Canaan and modern Israel. The Bible says this is because God told them to. Also, this was a bad time in Mesopotamia, [...]

Nara period – Early medieval Japan

By | 2018-04-18T09:53:55+00:00 July 27th, 2017|History, Japan|

Model of the Empress Genmei's imperial audience hall at Heijo, Nara Empress Genmei moved the capital of Japan to the new planned city of Nara in 710 AD. She wanted the move to help get more power into her own hands and out of the hands of other powerful Japanese families. Genmei succeeded in stopping [...]

Who were the Harappans? History of India

By | 2018-04-23T14:32:28+00:00 July 20th, 2017|History, India|

Harappan Seal Around 4500 BC, some new people from West Asia moved into the Indus Valley and mixed with the Mehrgahr people who were already there. They brought some West Asian foods with them: lentils, and then later chickpeas. They also brought flax, to make linen clothing, and safflowers for their oil. And they brought, or they soon got, [...]

Bronze Age in northern Europe

By | 2017-10-14T14:46:35+00:00 June 27th, 2017|History, Northern Europe, Where|

Bell beakers (ca. 2000 BC) About 3000 BC, a new wave of Central Asian people migrated west into northern Europe; these were the Indo-Europeans, also called the Yamnaya. The Indo-Europeans brought with them new inventions, including woven plaid fabric, and their Celtic language (the ancestor of modern Welsh, Irish, and Breton). They also [...]

Global warming in modern times

By | 2017-06-20T01:27:44+00:00 June 20th, 2017|Environment, Science|

Coal plant in China Human activities probably started to affect the world's climate as early as about 10,000 BC. That's when people started farming and cut down a whole lot of trees to create their fields. Trees take in carbon dioxide and convert it to oxygen. So without them, carbon dioxide levels rose, [...]

Climate change and the Philistines

By | 2017-06-20T01:15:45+00:00 June 20th, 2017|Africa, Environment, West Asia|

But even as people created the world's first cities and governments, the world continued to get warmer. This may have been caused partly by farming itself. Maybe the farmers cut down too many trees that had been taking carbon dioxide out of the atmosphere. By about 2000 BC, it was so warm that even in [...]

When was the First Intermediate Period? – Ancient Egypt

By | 2018-05-08T15:35:00+00:00 June 14th, 2017|Africa, Egypt, Environment, History|

First Intermediate Period: a time of climate crisis? A Nilometer on Elephantine Island (Nile Valley Tours) - This ancient Egyptian device measured how high the Nile floods were each year. The Old Kingdom collapses The end of the Old Kingdom, around 2100 BC, seems to have been caused by a major climate change.  [...]