Acts of the Apostles – Christianity after Jesus

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Mosaic of Judas giving money to another man

Judas was sorry and tried to give the money back (mosaic from Ravenna, 500s AD)

After Jesus was crucified (put on the cross), we still don’t have any information except from the Bible for a while. The Bible says that after three days in his tomb, Jesus rose from the dead and appeared to some of his followers, and then rose up into heaven to become one with God. This was the Resurrection, which means “rising back up”.  Later Christians celebrated the anniversary of the Resurrection at Easter every year.

But in the short run, what would happen to Christianity with Jesus gone? Jesus’ followers, left behind on earth, were not sure what to do. One story says that Judas was sorry and tried to give the money back. Another story says that Peter denied being a Christian three times before the rooster crowed the next morning (this story may be related to Zoroastrian ideas about the rooster crowing at dawn meaning the return of light conquering darkness).

Roman fountain in Corinth

Roman fountain in Corinth, where St. Paul visited

The Bible says that Jesus’ friends (the apostles) travelled around West Asia and other parts of the Roman Empire preaching the things that Jesus had told them. Often they preached in synagogues. The apostles also said that when Jesus was crucified, he sacrificed himself for everybody else who believed in him. So now the Jewish animal sacrifices were not needed anymore. Sometimes when the apostles came to a town, people were glad to listen to what they had to say. Some people even became Christians (followers of Christ) themselves. Sometimes the people didn’t like these new ideas and threw the apostles out of town.

Learn by doing: read some of the Book of Acts for yourself
More about Paul
More about Christianity

Bibliography and further reading about early Christianity:

   

More about Paul
More about Christianity
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By | 2017-08-21T00:02:16+00:00 August 21st, 2017|Religion, Romans|0 Comments
Cite this page: Carr, K.E. Acts of the Apostles – Christianity after Jesus. Quatr.us Study Guides, August 21, 2017. Web. December 17, 2017.

About the Author:

Karen Carr

Karen Carr is Associate Professor Emerita, Department of History, Portland State University. She holds a doctorate in Classical Art and Archaeology from the University of Michigan. Follow her on Instagram, Pinterest, or Twitter, or buy her book, Vandals to Visigoths.

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