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Who was Mithra? Zoroastrian god – West Asian religion

By |2018-04-15T00:38:16+00:00September 15th, 2017|Religion, West Asia|

Ardashir II becomes the Persian king, in the center, with Mithra and Ahura Mazda by his side (Taq-e Bostan, Iran, 300s AD) (They're trampling on the Roman Empire Julian.) Mithra was the most important Zoroastrian god on the side of Truth. He was the god of contracts and keeping your promises, like the German god Tyr. [...]

Who were the Parthians? Iran – West Asian history

By |2018-04-07T17:04:48+00:00September 14th, 2017|History, West Asia|

Grasslands of Central Asia - the steppe that the Parthians came from Parthians invade Iran Around 300 BC, some new people invaded West Asia from the north. These people were called the Parthians. Like the Scythians, and like the Persians when they first came to West Asia, the Parthians were nomadic people. They travelled around Central Asia [...]

The Mediterranean and West Asia

By |2018-04-25T23:50:37+00:00September 14th, 2017|West Asia|

Map of West Asia One common theme in the history of West Asia has been the conflict between land-oriented people and sea-oriented people. Often there is a group of people living in West Asia who are mostly land-oriented. These people don't sail boats much, or swim. They think of their kingdom as covering a certain piece of [...]

Sassanians and the Silk Road – West Asian economy

By |2018-04-25T23:27:00+00:00September 12th, 2017|Economy, West Asia|

Coin of the Sassanian king Hormizd V (ca. 593 AD?) The most important part of the Sassanian economy, as in all other states in Late Antiquity, was farming - most people still were farmers, growing mainly wheat and barley. But most farmers didn't eat the food they grew. They sold their wheat or barley to a mill and used the money [...]

West Asian economy – Mesopotamia and Iran

By |2018-04-25T23:26:59+00:00September 12th, 2017|Economy, West Asia|

Obsidian tools West Asia is located in the middle of the very wide land mass we call Europe and Asia and Africa, and so it has always played an important part in moving things from east to west and from west to east. Beginning as early as the Stone Age, about 7000 BC, people in West [...]

World history timeline: from Jesus to 400 AD

By |2017-10-14T14:56:41+00:00September 10th, 2017|History, Romans, When|

Roman amphitheater (El Jem, Tunisia) The great empires formed during the last years before Christ continued peacefully through much of this period. In India, the Mauryan Empire collapsed. There was a period of smaller kingdoms. But by 319 AD northern India reunited under the Guptan Empire. In China, the Han Dynasty lasted until 220 AD, but then fell apart [...]

Roman empire – ancient Rome

By |2018-04-25T09:54:55+00:00September 3rd, 2017|History, Romans|

The Roman emperor Augustus As the Romans were conquering the whole Mediterranean, the rich men who were running the government got richer and richer - very very rich. They began fighting each other to rule the new empire. By 30 BC one man - Augustus - was ruling the Roman Empire. After Augustus died, his relatives inherited his throne. [...]

Marcus Aurelius – last of the five good Roman emperors

By |2018-04-25T10:04:09+00:00September 3rd, 2017|History, Romans|

The Roman emperor Marcus Aurelius, riding on a horse Marcus Aurelius was the last of the five good emperors. He came to the throne when Antoninus Pius died in 161 AD. Like Seneca and many other Romans, Marcus Aurelius believed in the Stoic philosophy. One of the first things he did as emperor was to insist on sharing power [...]

Diocletian – Roman emperor – Later Roman Empire

By |2018-04-25T09:54:50+00:00September 3rd, 2017|History, Romans|

The Roman emperor Diocletian Peace for a while Around 280 AD, the Sassanids gradually stopped attacking the Roman Empire so much. They were having civil wars of their own, and the Huns were attacking them from the north. Because the Romans didn't have to fight in the East so much, they were able to concentrate on the Germans in the [...]