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Zoroastrianism – Iran – West Asian religion

By | 2017-09-15T21:10:54+00:00 September 15th, 2017|Religion, West Asia|

An Iranian fire sacrifice Around 1000 BC (probably), about the same time that people in India were writing the Rig Veda, a man named Zoroaster (also called Zarathustra) was a priest in a small temple in the eastern part of West Asia, in an area with a lot of small kingdoms and no major power. Zoroaster believed that he heard [...]

West Asian religion – Enuma Elish, Zoroastrianism, Judaism, etc.

By | 2017-09-15T17:48:41+00:00 September 15th, 2017|Religion, West Asia|

Sumerian clay worshippers from Tell Asmar West Asia has been the home of many of the world's most popular religions, and has always been a hotbed of new religious ideas. Religions may have gotten started in West Asia because empires got started there. Some historians think that centralized, organized religions form as a kind of [...]

West Asian people – families, schools, slavery

By | 2017-09-15T14:13:10+00:00 September 15th, 2017|People, West Asia|

Ur-Nanshe, the king's chief musician in Mari, 2400s BC What we notice most about the way people lived in West Asia is the widespread oppression of women. As compared to their neighbors in Sudan, Egypt, Central Asia, the Roman Empire, or even India, West Asian women were much less likely to become rulers. [...]

Early medieval world history timeline: 400-800 AD

By | 2017-10-14T14:55:51+00:00 September 10th, 2017|History, Islam, When|

Dome of the Rock mosque, Jerusalem (600s AD) In the Early Middle Ages, many empires around the world collapsed into smaller countries. Thanks partly to the Huns invading, the western half of the Roman Empire collapsed into the smaller countries of the Visigoths, the Vandals, the Ostrogoths, the Lombards, the Avars, and the Merovingians. In England, this is the time of the (legendary) King [...]

World history timeline: from Jesus to 400 AD

By | 2017-10-14T14:56:41+00:00 September 10th, 2017|History, Romans, When|

Roman amphitheater (El Jem, Tunisia) The great empires formed during the last years before Christ continued peacefully through much of this period. In India, the Mauryan Empire collapsed. There was a period of smaller kingdoms. But by 319 AD northern India reunited under the Guptan Empire. In China, the Han Dynasty lasted until 220 AD, but then fell apart [...]

What is opium? World history of medicine and drugs

By | 2017-09-07T09:33:48+00:00 September 7th, 2017|Central Asia, Science|

Opium poppy flower Opium comes from a kind of poppy flower. It evolved around 100 million years ago in West Asia and Central Asia. People probably realized as soon as they got to West Asia, about 60,000 years ago, that you could use opium as a medicine. By 6000 BC, in the Stone Age, West Asian farmers were already growing opium in their [...]

Where do folding fans come from? History of fans

By | 2017-10-10T15:45:33+00:00 September 5th, 2017|Africa, Science|

Tutankhamon's ostrich feather fan (Egypt, ca. 1300 BC) Chimpanzees use a stick with leaves on it, or just a big leaf, to chase away flies. They can't cool themselves by creating a breeze, because their hair insulates them, but the earliest people who had evolved hairless skin probably quickly started to use big leaves and leafy sticks as fans in hot [...]

Roman sacrifice – animals and incense – Roman religion

By | 2017-09-04T16:36:44+00:00 September 4th, 2017|Religion, Romans|

Sacrificing a cow, a sheep, and a pig in the Late Republic Probably around the time people began farming their food and raising tame animals for their meat, which in Italy was about 5000 BC, people also began to sacrifice animals to their gods. This was the same thing people did in West Asia - including the Zoroastrians and the Jews - and in Greece at the [...]

What’s the Lupercalia? Roman holidays – Religion

By | 2017-09-04T15:43:30+00:00 September 4th, 2017|Religion, Romans|

The decorated ceiling of the cave where people may have celebrated the Lupercalia, under the Palatine Hill in Rome. In the time of the kings of Rome, about 600 BC (and maybe even earlier), when the people of central Italy were all shepherds and farmers and lived in villages, they got cold and bored during the rainy winters and wanted to have [...]