Ancient Rome

/Tag: Ancient Rome
10 09, 2017

World history timeline: from Jesus to 400 AD

By |2017-10-14T14:56:41-07:00September 10th, 2017|History, Romans, When|0 Comments

Roman amphitheater (El Jem, Tunisia) The great empires formed during the last years before Christ continued peacefully through much of this period. In India, the Mauryan Empire collapsed. There was a period of smaller kingdoms. But by 319 AD northern India reunited under the Guptan Empire. In China, the Han Dynasty lasted until 220 AD, but then fell apart [...]

10 09, 2017

Empires timeline – 500 BC to Jesus

By |2018-04-09T10:31:17-07:00September 10th, 2017|History, Romans, When|0 Comments

Achilles bandaging the wounded Achilles binding up the wounds of Patroclos (Athens, red-figure vase, 500 BC -now in Berlin) All over the world, the time between 500 BC and 1 BC was a time of unification. People traded with each other. And they built big empires. Cyrus the Great's unification of the Persian Empire brought peace and stability [...]

7 09, 2017

Silver and silver mining – the history

By |2019-04-05T07:16:59-07:00September 7th, 2017|West Asia|0 Comments

Silver mining slaves at Laurion, near Athens Why did people want silver? People first mined silver in the Bronze Age. Like gold, silver is a great way to help people trade. More about gold The history of money The Bronze Age Silver's easy to carry around Even before people started to make coins, little [...]

6 09, 2017

What is lead? A heavy kind of metal

By |2018-04-11T18:24:13-07:00September 6th, 2017|Religion, Romans, Science|0 Comments

A Roman anchor from Palermo, Italy Lead is a kind of metal that is very heavy. (See if you can get some lead, like a fishing weight, to see how heavy it is). People have been mining lead and using it for weights in West Asia since about 4000 BC, about the same time people started to use copper, and before [...]

5 09, 2017

Roman army from the Republic to the fall of Rome

By |2019-03-22T08:39:21-07:00September 5th, 2017|Romans, War|0 Comments

Testudo formation on the Column of Trajan, Rome What did the Roman army do? The Roman army fought many wars over the long history of the Roman Empire. For hundreds of years they won pretty much all of their wars. In the early days of the Roman Republic, they beat the Etruscans. Then they beat [...]

5 09, 2017

Roman wars and warfare – the Roman military

By |2018-04-25T10:26:45-07:00September 5th, 2017|Romans, War|0 Comments

Roman soldiers on the Column of Marcus Aurelius, Rome The Romans were (along with some Greek city-states) among the first people on Earth to pay their soldiers a regular salary so that they could be full-time soldiers instead of only fighting when they could spare the time from their farms. At first, the Romans had part-time soldiers like the Carthaginians and [...]

5 09, 2017

Roman sewers – ancient Roman toilets, poop, pipes

By |2019-09-13T06:44:18-07:00September 5th, 2017|Romans|18 Comments

A Roman latrine, feeding into the Roman sewers. Why did the Romans build aqueducts and sewers? In larger Roman towns, people often got sick or died from drinking water that had sewage in it. Sewage is human waste - poop or pee. When people drink water with poop in it, they can get other people's germs. They [...]

4 09, 2017

Roman sailing – boats in the Roman empire

By |2017-09-04T23:57:44-07:00September 4th, 2017|Romans, Science|0 Comments

Roman sailing ship with square sails (100s AD, Bardo Museum, Tunisia) Until the First Punic War, in 264 BC, the Romans had not been sailors, and had never had a navy. But when they had to fight the Carthaginians, who were descended from the Phoenicians and were great sailors, the Romans learned to build ships by copying a [...]

4 09, 2017

Ptolemy – Roman astronomy – history of science

By |2018-04-11T09:22:19-07:00September 4th, 2017|Romans, Science|0 Comments

A copy of Ptolemy's map of the world Ptolemy was born in Egypt in about 90 AD, when the Romans were ruling Egypt. He was a Roman citizen. Probably he was the son or grandson of a Roman government slave - maybe a clerk - who was freed and got citizenship. As a boy, Ptolemy went to Greek schools in Alexandria and wrote in Greek. When [...]

4 09, 2017

Medicine and doctors in the Roman Empire

By |2019-07-15T22:20:43-07:00September 4th, 2017|Romans, Science|1 Comment

Roman medicine: Galen used surgical instruments like these What do we mean by Roman medicine? Roman medicine is really West Asian and African medicine. That's because most of the great doctors of the Roman Empire lived in West Asia (in Turkey and Syria), or in Africa (in Egypt), not in Europe. Egyptian doctors [...]