Temple of Castor and Pollux – Roman forum

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These three columns are what is left of the Roman temple of Castor and Pollux in the Forum

These three columns are what is left of the Roman temple of Castor and Pollux in the Forum

The Temple of Castor and Pollux is at one end of the Roman forum, near the Arch of Septimius Severus. During the battle of Lake Regillus against the Etruscans, in 496 BC, some people said they had seen the twin gods Castor and Pollux helping the Roman side. After the Romans won the battle, they decided to build a temple to honor the gods who had helped them. That temple was finished in 494 BC, in the early Republic, and when it got old it was rebuilt in 117 BC, and restored again in 73 BC.

But the picture here is of a later temple on the same place. The original temple had burned down, and Tiberius built a new one in 6 AD. So the Corinthian-style temple you see today is from the Julio-Claudian period. The Roman government used this temple  to store some of the imperial treasury (the emperor’s money). But in 847 AD the same big earthquake that wrecked the Colosseum also knocked down this temple.

Since the temple had fallen down anyway, people reused most of the marble for other buildings, and only these three columns are left now. And even these had to be put back up because they had fallen down in the big earthquake – see where they have been mended?).

Learn by doing: build a Roman temple out of Lego
More about the Roman forum

Bibliography and further reading about the Temple of Castor:

The Colosseum and the Roman Forum, by Martyn Whittock (2002). Easy reading.

The Roman Forum, by Michael Grant (1970). Out of date, but Michael Grant is an entertaining writer with a simple style which teenagers may appreciate.

Castor and Pollux
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Corinthian order
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By |2018-04-24T23:44:28+00:00August 28th, 2017|Architecture, Romans|0 Comments
Cite this page: Carr, K.E. Temple of Castor and Pollux – Roman forum. Quatr.us Study Guides, August 28, 2017. Web. December 18, 2018.

About the Author:

Dr. Karen Carr is Associate Professor Emerita, Department of History, Portland State University. She holds a doctorate in Classical Art and Archaeology from the University of Michigan. Follow her on Instagram, Pinterest, or Facebook, or buy her book, Vandals to Visigoths.

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