Architecture

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26 09, 2017

Medieval architecture – Gothic and Romanesque – Europe

By |2019-09-04T05:43:03-07:00September 26th, 2017|Medieval|3 Comments

Cloister at Moissac (ca. 1100 AD, southern France) The first part of the Middle Ages saw very little building of anything but houses in northern Europe, as people struggled to adjust to the fall of Rome. People built some small churches here and there in the Visigothic, Vandal, and Merovingian kingdoms, but not much else. Nearer to the Mediterranean Sea, however, people [...]

11 09, 2017

What is a ziggurat? Mesopotamian architecture

By |2019-09-05T06:00:38-07:00September 11th, 2017|West Asia|0 Comments

Remains of the ziggurat at Warka, in Iraq, 3000 BC (before it was reconstructed) Like the Egyptians at the same time, Bronze Age Sumerians and Iranians around 3000-2500 BC devoted a lot of energy to building big buildings. But unlike the Pyramids, which are tombs for dead Pharaohs, the Sumerian and Iranian ziggurats (ZIG-oo-rats) are temples for their gods. Ziggurats were [...]

11 09, 2017

Parthian and Sassanid architecture – West Asia

By |2019-09-05T06:00:43-07:00September 11th, 2017|West Asia|0 Comments

Parthian architecture - the so-called Arch of Sapor - Parthians - Ctesiphon, Iraq, probably about 500 AD Romans and Parthians About 100 BC, the Hellenistic Greek kingdoms gave way to new conquerors. The Romans took over the West (modern Israel, Syria, Jordan, Armenia, and Turkey). The Parthians took over the East (modern Iraq, Iran, and Pakistan). The [...]

11 09, 2017

West Asian architecture – Ancient Mesopotamian architecture

By |2019-09-05T06:00:48-07:00September 11th, 2017|West Asia|0 Comments

Mesopotamian architecture: The Ishtar Gate of ancient Babylon, built during the Neo-Babylonian period (600s BC). Now in Berlin. Mesopotamian architecture Builders in Mesopotamia always had a serious problem. There was not enough stone or wood. But there was lots and lots of clay. So their buildings were usually built of brick, or mud-brick. West Asian builders got used [...]

11 09, 2017

Sumerian architecture – Mesopotamia

By |2019-09-05T06:00:53-07:00September 11th, 2017|West Asia|14 Comments

Sumerian architecture: the ziggurat at Warka (reconstructed by Saddam Hussein) Mud-brick and brick Like other people around the world, the Sumerians started to build big temples on artificial platforms around 3500 BC. They were living in the area between the Tigris and the Euphrates rivers. in what is now Iraq. Because there's practically no building stone in this [...]

11 09, 2017

West Asian beds – Mesopotamian houses

By |2019-09-05T06:00:58-07:00September 11th, 2017|West Asia|0 Comments

History of beds: Drawing of the grass bed inside a reed hut from Ohalo II (Galilee, 21000 BC) When were beds invented? When people came to West Asia from Africa about 60,000 BC, they brought the idea of sleeping in beds with them. People in Galilee (modern Israel) were already sleeping in beds in the Paleolithic, about [...]

11 09, 2017

Assyrian palaces – West Asian architecture

By |2019-09-05T06:01:07-07:00September 11th, 2017|West Asia|2 Comments

On the walls of one of the Assyrian palaces, Assyrian soldiers attack a town. Some are swimming, using balloons made of goatskins to hold themselves up. Palace of Ashurnasirpal II, Nimrud, 860 BC. See the walls and buildings of the town? Assyrian kings built palaces The Assyrian kings' main architecture was their big palaces. The [...]

8 09, 2017

South American and Central American architecture

By |2018-04-12T08:53:21-07:00September 8th, 2017|Architecture, Central America, South America|0 Comments

Olmec Pyramid, La Venta, Mexico (500 BC) The earliest big buildings from South America are in Ecuador and Peru, along the Pacific coast. The Norte Chico people and the Valdivia people built stone temples there as early as 3500 BC. Later on, people also built stone buildings in Central America (modern Mexico). Olmec people built them about 1150 [...]

4 09, 2017

Roman insulae – apartments – Roman architecture

By |2019-09-21T11:39:59-07:00September 4th, 2017|Romans|0 Comments

Insulae at Ostia (can you see where the wooden balconies would have been?) Roman apartment buildings In big cities, most Romans lived in apartment buildings we call insulae (IN-sue-lie), or islands (because they often took up a whole city block). They're not just in the city of Rome, but also in Ostia (the [...]

31 08, 2017

What is a vomitorium? Roman architecture

By |2018-04-24T23:27:05-07:00August 31st, 2017|Architecture, Romans|1 Comment

Vomitorium in the Colosseum in Rome(The roof has fallen in.) You might think a vomitorium must have something to do with barfing, and those stories about Romans eating too much and then making themselves barf so they could eat more. But a vomitorium is really much more boring than that. A vomitorium is called that [...]