Rome

Home » Rome

Cicero – Stoicism – Roman philosophy

By |2018-04-18T17:19:14+00:00September 4th, 2017|Philosophy, Romans|

Bust of Cicero (Capitoline Museum, Rome) In the last years of the Roman Republic, great men like Julius Caesar and Pompey fought over which of them would rule Rome. Cicero was one of the last men to stand up for the old Republic. He tried to keep the republican government going. While you might think [...]

Virgil – the Aeneid – Roman poetry

By |2017-09-04T08:21:45+00:00September 4th, 2017|Literature, Romans|

The death of Dido, Queen of Carthage, from an illustrated copy of Virgil's Aeneid, about 400 AD Virgil was a poet who lived during the civil wars in Rome and then in the time of the Roman Emperor Augustus, just before the birth of Jesus Christ. Virgil (VER-jill) was a friend of Maecenas (my-SEEN-ass), who was a [...]

Visit Italy with kids! Sights to see

By |2018-04-25T10:19:37+00:00September 3rd, 2017|History, Medieval, Romans|

Leaning Tower of Pisa Visiting Italy with kids is a blast, because many Italians are very friendly to other people's children and everyone will always be talking to your kids, helping you out, making them laugh, and generally helping you have a good time. Don't be too suspicious - relax and enjoy the [...]

Second Punic War – Carthage and Rome

By |2018-04-25T10:05:10+00:00September 3rd, 2017|History, Romans|

Hamilcar (Hannibal's father) (We know about this mainly from Polybius and Livy) The Carthaginians had a lot of trouble paying the money the Romans demanded from them after the First Punic War. So their general Hamilcar decided to take over some of southern Spain. There were rich silver mines in southern Spain that would help Carthage pay the Romans. But at the same [...]

First Punic War – Carthage and Rome

By |2018-04-25T10:04:35+00:00September 3rd, 2017|History, Romans|

Sicily seen from space (the tip of Italy is on the right) (Most of what we know about this war comes from either Polybius or Livy): By 274 BC, the Romans had taken over all of Italy. Then a Greek city that was NOT in Italy asked the Romans to help it out in a war. This city was in Sicily, [...]

Arch of Constantine – Roman art

By |2018-04-24T23:48:41+00:00August 31st, 2017|Art, Romans|

Arch of Constantine in Rome, with the Colosseum in the background When Constantine killed Maxentius in the battle of the Milvian Bridge, in 312 AD, he marched triumphantly into Rome. After the victory parade was over, Constantine decided he wanted people to remember this victory, and he put up a large stone triumphal arch, like [...]

Ara Pacis – Altar of Peace – Roman art

By |2018-04-24T23:47:31+00:00August 31st, 2017|Art, Romans|

The Ara Pacis - the Altar of Peace. Originally it was outside, but today a roof protects it. When the Roman emperor Augustus took over Rome after the civil wars at the end of the Roman Republic, about 30 BC, he built a Altar of Peace (Ara Pacis in Latin), to show that the fighting was over. Augustus [...]

Trajan’s Markets – Roman architecture

By |2018-04-24T23:46:55+00:00August 31st, 2017|Architecture, Romans|

The view from Trajan's Markets After the Forum of Julius Caesar and the Forum of Augustus, later emperors also built more extensions on to the Roman Forum, to make more room for businesses. The emperor Trajan built a new forum about 100 AD. The front of Trajan's Markets, facing his forum and Trajan's Column In the forum, between [...]

Temple of Castor and Pollux – Roman forum

By |2018-04-24T23:44:28+00:00August 28th, 2017|Architecture, Romans|

These three columns are what is left of the Roman temple of Castor and Pollux in the Forum The Temple of Castor and Pollux is at one end of the Roman forum, near the Arch of Septimius Severus. During the battle of Lake Regillus against the Etruscans, in 496 BC, some people said they had seen the [...]

The Pantheon – Roman Architecture – Ancient Rome

By |2018-01-01T11:27:59+00:00August 27th, 2017|Architecture, Romans|

Hadrian's Pantheon from the outside. Built in Rome, around 120 AD. Who built the Roman Pantheon? In the time of the Roman Emperor Augustus, about 10 BC, one of his generals, a man named Agrippa, built a temple in the middle of downtown Rome "to all the gods". A temple to all the gods is a Pantheon, which [...]