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Who were the Chavin? South American history

By |2018-04-25T20:14:53+00:00September 9th, 2017|South America|

A Chavin carving By around 900 BC, the Norte Chico people of northern Peru developed into the Chavin culture. Like the earlier Norte Chico people, the Chavin people used irrigation to farm potatoes, tomatoes, peanuts, and hot chili peppers. They also farmed corn, but they really ate mostly potatoes and quinoa, which grow better high in the Andes mountains. They hunted deer with spears [...]

Jupiter – Roman god – Roman religion

By |2018-04-16T23:51:47+00:00September 4th, 2017|Religion, Romans|

Jupiter (fresco from the House of the Dioscuri, Pompeii, ca. 79 AD) Jupiter was the chief of the gods for the Romans, the way Zeus was for the Greeks and Thor was for the Germans. In fact, they must have all originally been the same Indo-European sky god. Jupiter and Zeus really have the same name - Jupiter comes from Ju-pater, [...]

Juno – the Roman goddess – Roman religion

By |2017-09-04T14:36:31+00:00September 4th, 2017|Religion, Romans|

The Roman goddess Juno Juno was Jupiter's wife and sister for the Romans, the way Hera was Zeus's wife for the Greeks. Because the Romans and the Greeks were both descended from Central Asian Indo-Europeans, Hera and Juno probably started out as the same goddess. But the Romans thought of Juno a little differently from Hera. Juno was mainly a goddess of marriage, like [...]

Castor and Pollux – Roman religion

By |2017-09-04T13:32:34+00:00September 4th, 2017|Greeks, Religion, Romans|

Castor and Pollux - the Dioscuri - on a votive plaque from Tarentum in southern Italy Castor and Pollux were originally Greek gods, but when the Romans were fighting the Etruscans in 496 BC, the Roman soldiers saw visions of Castor and Pollux fighting on their side. When the Romans won the battle, they decided to try [...]

Etruscan art – Italy before the Romans

By |2018-04-25T08:59:08+00:00August 31st, 2017|Art, Northern Europe|

Apollo of Veii (ca. 520 BC) Etruscan art is in some ways a lot like Greek art of the same time, because the Etruscans admired the Greeks very much and imitated a lot of their art (and bought a lot of art from the Greeks as well). But there are also some interesting differences. [...]

Republican temples – ancient Rome – architecture

By |2018-04-24T23:28:32+00:00August 28th, 2017|Architecture, Romans|

A victory temple from Republican Rome Like the Egyptians, the West Asians, the Carthaginians, the Greeks and theEtruscans before them, the Romans built many temples for their gods. One of the first buildings we know of in Rome is the Capitoline Temple, which was built on top of the Capitoline Hill under the kings of Rome. It was a temple for three gods, Jupiter, Junoand Minerva. [...]

Temple of Castor and Pollux – Roman forum

By |2018-04-24T23:44:28+00:00August 28th, 2017|Architecture, Romans|

These three columns are what is left of the Roman temple of Castor and Pollux in the Forum The Temple of Castor and Pollux is at one end of the Roman forum, near the Arch of Septimius Severus. During the battle of Lake Regillus against the Etruscans, in 496 BC, some people said they had seen the [...]

The Roman forum – Roman architecture

By |2018-05-14T13:48:03+00:00August 26th, 2017|Architecture, Romans|

Basilica Julia, Rome - in the Roman forum What was a Roman forum? At the center of most Roman cities was a big open space called the Forum. People met there to do business, to sell things and buy things, to see their friends, to find out about the news, and even to go [...]

Before Notre Dame – St. Etienne

By |2017-07-31T09:26:37+00:00July 31st, 2017|Architecture, Medieval|

Notre Dame of Paris (1160s AD) In the time of the Romans, about 100 AD, the city council of Paris built a temple. They dedicated it to the Roman god Jupiter. The temple was on the island in the middle of Paris, the Ile de la Cité. In fact, it was right where the cathedral of Notre Dame stands today. When [...]

What is the Greek Doric order?

By |2017-07-01T00:33:44+00:00July 1st, 2017|Architecture, Greeks|

Doric temple at Agrigento, in Sicily The earliest Greek temples were built of wood, but as soon as the Greek began to build in stone, about 510 BC, they built in the Doric style. Doric temples are simple and strong, not fancy like Ionic or Corinthian temples. The elevation of a Doric [...]