temple

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9 09, 2017

Who were the Chavin? South American history

By |2019-03-20T21:43:54-07:00September 9th, 2017|South America|0 Comments

Chavin stone carving From Norte Chico to Chavin By around 900 BC, the Norte Chico people of northern Peru developed into the Chavin culture. Like the earlier Norte Chico people, the Chavin people used irrigation to farm potatoes, tomatoes, peanuts, and hot chili peppers. Who were the Norte Chico people? What about Valdivia further north? History of potatoes All our South America [...]

4 09, 2017

Jupiter – Roman god – Roman religion

By |2018-04-16T23:51:47-07:00September 4th, 2017|Religion, Romans|0 Comments

Jupiter (fresco from the House of the Dioscuri, Pompeii, ca. 79 AD) Jupiter was the chief of the gods for the Romans, the way Zeus was for the Greeks and Thor was for the Germans. In fact, they must have all originally been the same Indo-European sky god. Jupiter and Zeus really have the same name - Jupiter comes from Ju-pater, [...]

4 09, 2017

Juno – the Roman goddess – Roman religion

By |2017-09-04T14:36:31-07:00September 4th, 2017|Religion, Romans|0 Comments

The Roman goddess Juno Juno was Jupiter's wife and sister for the Romans, the way Hera was Zeus's wife for the Greeks. Because the Romans and the Greeks were both descended from Central Asian Indo-Europeans, Hera and Juno probably started out as the same goddess. But the Romans thought of Juno a little differently from Hera. Juno was mainly a goddess of marriage, like [...]

4 09, 2017

Castor and Pollux – Roman religion

By |2019-03-05T21:01:16-07:00September 4th, 2017|Greeks, Religion, Romans|0 Comments

Castor and Pollux - the Dioscuri - on a votive plaque from Tarentum in southern Italy Who are Castor and Pollux? Castor and Pollux were originally Greek gods, but when the Romans were fighting the Etruscans in 496 BC, the Roman soldiers saw visions of Castor and Pollux fighting on their side. Who were the Etruscans? More [...]

31 08, 2017

Etruscan art – Italy before the Romans

By |2019-05-31T18:24:37-07:00August 31st, 2017|Art, Northern Europe|0 Comments

Etruscan art: Apollo of Veii (ca. 520 BC) Etruscan art and Greek art Etruscan art is in some ways a lot like Greek art of the same time, because the Etruscans admired the Greeks very much and imitated a lot of their art (and bought a lot of art from the Greeks as well). [...]

28 08, 2017

Republican temples – ancient Rome – architecture

By |2018-04-24T23:28:32-07:00August 28th, 2017|Architecture, Romans|0 Comments

A victory temple from Republican Rome Like the Egyptians, the West Asians, the Carthaginians, the Greeks and theEtruscans before them, the Romans built many temples for their gods. One of the first buildings we know of in Rome is the Capitoline Temple, which was built on top of the Capitoline Hill under the kings of Rome. It was a temple for three gods, Jupiter, Junoand Minerva. [...]

28 08, 2017

Temple of Castor and Pollux – Roman forum

By |2018-04-24T23:44:28-07:00August 28th, 2017|Architecture, Romans|0 Comments

These three columns are what is left of the Roman temple of Castor and Pollux in the Forum The Temple of Castor and Pollux is at one end of the Roman forum, near the Arch of Septimius Severus. During the battle of Lake Regillus against the Etruscans, in 496 BC, some people said they had seen the [...]

26 08, 2017

The Roman forum – Roman architecture

By |2019-06-12T06:27:25-07:00August 26th, 2017|Architecture, Romans|6 Comments

Basilica Julia, Rome - in the Roman forum What was a Roman forum? At the center of most Roman cities was a big open space called the Forum. People met there to do business, to sell things and buy things, to see their friends, to find out about the news, and even to go [...]

31 07, 2017

Before Notre Dame – St. Etienne

By |2019-04-16T13:15:25-07:00July 31st, 2017|Architecture, Medieval|0 Comments

Notre Dame of Paris (1160s AD) A Roman temple to Jupiter In the time of the Romans, about 100 AD, the city council of Paris built a temple. They dedicated it to the Roman god Jupiter. The temple was on the island in the middle of Paris, the Ile de la Cité. In fact, it was right [...]

1 07, 2017

What is the Greek Doric order?

By |2019-05-15T19:51:20-07:00July 1st, 2017|Architecture, Greeks|0 Comments

Doric temple at Agrigento, in Sicily. The plain square capitals with triglyphs and metopes over them show this is in the Doric order. When did the Doric style get started? The earliest Greek temples were built of wood, but as soon as the Greek began to build in stone, about 510 BC, they [...]