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Apollo of Veii (ca. 520 BC)

Etruscan art: Apollo of Veii (ca. 520 BC)

Etruscan art and Greek art

Etruscan art is in some ways a lot like Greek art of the same time, because the Etruscans admired the Greeks very much and imitated a lot of their art (and bought a lot of art from the Greeks as well). But there are also some interesting differences.

Who were the Etruscans?
Archaic Greek sculpture
All our early Europe articles

What came before Etruscan art?

The Etruscans developed their ideas about art gradually out of earlier Villanovan art. We start calling it Etruscan art about the time they began to be influenced by the Greeks, about 700 BC.

Villanovan art

Etruscan painted pottery

One idea the Etruscans seem to have gotten from the Greeks was to make pottery with pictures on it. The Etruscans bought a lot of pottery from the Greeks, but they also made some of their own.

More Etruscan pottery

Etruscan sarcophagus (like a coffin) fora husband and wife (ca. 520 BC)

Etruscan sarcophagus (like a coffin) fora husband and wife (ca. 520 BC)

Etruscan clay sculpture

A little later, the Etruscans also began making big sculptures like the Greeks. But the Etruscans didn’t have access to marble the way the Greeks did, so instead of stone statues they made their statues out of clay.

What is clay?

Etruscan statues are also more human-looking, less perfect than Greek statues, and often funnier. And they often show men and women together, which Greek statues never do.

Etruscan temples

The Etruscans also built big temples for their gods like the Greeks. But Etruscan temples didn’t look exactly like Greek temples. Etruscan temples were built up on high platforms, and they had steps only on the front, not all the way around.

More Etruscan architecture

Learn by doing: draw an Etruscan temple and a Greek temple
More about Greek temples

Bibliography and further reading about Etruscan art:

Vulca the Etruscan, by Roberta Angeletti (1999). Easy reading.

The Etruscans, by Don Nardo (2004). Easy reading.

Hands-On Ancient People, Volume 2: Art Activities about Minoans, Mycenaeans, Trojans, Ancient Greeks, Etruscans, and Romans, by Yvonne Merrill (2004). Easy reading.

Etruscan Art, by Nigel Spivey (1997). A college textbook.

Or check out this Etruscans articlein the Encyclopedia Britannica.

More on the Etruscans
Etruscan Architecture
Etruscan Pottery
Ancient Greek Art
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