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Jupiter – Roman god – Roman religion

By |2018-04-16T23:51:47+00:00September 4th, 2017|Religion, Romans|

Jupiter (fresco from the House of the Dioscuri, Pompeii, ca. 79 AD) Jupiter was the chief of the gods for the Romans, the way Zeus was for the Greeks and Thor was for the Germans. In fact, they must have all originally been the same Indo-European sky god. Jupiter and Zeus really have the same name - Jupiter comes from Ju-pater, [...]

Etruscan art – Italy before the Romans

By |2018-04-25T08:59:08+00:00August 31st, 2017|Art, Northern Europe|

Apollo of Veii (ca. 520 BC) Etruscan art is in some ways a lot like Greek art of the same time, because the Etruscans admired the Greeks very much and imitated a lot of their art (and bought a lot of art from the Greeks as well). But there are also some interesting differences. [...]

Etruscan pottery – Etruscan art – Italy

By |2018-04-25T09:00:18+00:00August 31st, 2017|Art, Romans|

Etruscan black figure pottery from about 510 BC (Louvre) When the Etruscans were ruling most of Italy, in the 500s and 400s BC, they were making two kinds of fancy, expensive pottery. Etruscan red figure from about 410 BC One kind of pottery was basically in the same style as Greek pottery of the same time [...]

Republican temples – ancient Rome – architecture

By |2018-04-24T23:28:32+00:00August 28th, 2017|Architecture, Romans|

A victory temple from Republican Rome Like the Egyptians, the West Asians, the Carthaginians, the Greeks and theEtruscans before them, the Romans built many temples for their gods. One of the first buildings we know of in Rome is the Capitoline Temple, which was built on top of the Capitoline Hill under the kings of Rome. It was a temple for three gods, Jupiter, Junoand Minerva. [...]

Etruscan architecture – Early Italy

By |2018-04-24T23:33:17+00:00August 26th, 2017|Architecture, Religion|

Etruscan temple at Veii - a reconstruction The Etruscans, about 700 BC, were the first people in northern and central Italy to build big buildings out of stone. They learned from the Greeks and the Phoenicians to build big stone temples for their gods. Not many Etruscan temples survive. This is probably because some of them were built out of [...]

Cerveteri – Etruscan tomb architecture

By |2018-04-24T23:27:31+00:00August 25th, 2017|Architecture, Religion|

A street in an Etruscan cemetery The Etruscans (ee-TRUSS-cans) of Northern Italy believed that it was important to keep cemeteries well separated from where people lived. You could not bury anyone inside the sacred boundary of the city (the pomerium). But they wanted their dead relatives to feel comfortable. So, beginning about 700 BC, the Etruscans [...]

Iron Age art of northern Europe

By |2017-06-27T00:09:46+00:00June 27th, 2017|Art, Northern Europe|

Villanovan cremation urn with helmet on top (ca. 900 BC) In the beginning of the Iron Age, about 1000 BC, people in Europe were still reluctant to represent the human form. The Villanovan cremation urns are just clay pots made to hold people's ashes, but they wear helmets as if they were people - [...]