Early Gothic architecture

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Notre Dame of Paris

Early Gothic architecture: Notre Dame of Paris (1160s AD)

What came after Romanesque?

After the Romanesque period in architecture, around 1100 AD, architects in western Europe gradually started to build Christian churches and palaces in the Gothic style. The easiest difference to see between the two styles is that while Romanesque churches have round arches, Gothic churches have pointed arches.

A Romanesque arch - rounded

A Romanesque arch – rounded

Pointed arches

The idea for the pointed arch probably came from Islamic architecture, where slightly pointed arches appear as early as the 600s in the Dome of the Rock mosque in Jerusalem and soon became common in North Africa and Spain. From Spain, pointed arches arrived in Italy.  Then architects began to use them in France and Germany, and finally in England.

A Gothic arch - pointed

A Gothic arch – pointed

Inside Laon cathedral (1160s)

Inside Laon cathedral (1160s)

More windows

But there are a lot of other differences between Romanesque and Gothic architecture as well. Gothic churches have many more windows, and much bigger windows, and so they are not dark like Romanesque churches. This is because the architects have learned some new ways of making roofs and of supporting walls. And, where many Romanesque churches had wooden roofs (which were always catching fire), Gothic churches had safer stone roofs.

Bigger, fancier churches

Gothic churches in northern Europe are also usually bigger than Romanesque churches there. By 1200 AD, people in northern Europe had more money available, and they could afford to spend more on building great churches. They had conquered a lot of southern France, and they were trading more with the Islamic Empire.

Learn by doing: Sainte Chapelle project
More about Gothic architecture

Bibliography and further reading about Gothic cathedrals:

More medieval architecture
More about the Middle Ages
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By |2018-04-10T22:59:12+00:00July 30th, 2017|Architecture, Medieval|0 Comments
Cite this page: Carr, K.E. Early Gothic architecture. Quatr.us Study Guides, July 30, 2017. Web. November 21, 2018.

About the Author:

Dr. Karen Carr is Associate Professor Emerita, Department of History, Portland State University. She holds a doctorate in Classical Art and Archaeology from the University of Michigan. Follow her on Instagram, Pinterest, or Facebook, or buy her book, Vandals to Visigoths.

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