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2 08, 2017

Medieval Italy – the High Middle Ages

By |2019-10-08T08:10:12-07:00August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|0 Comments

Medieval Italy: Matilda of Canossa (ca. 1100 AD) Matilda of Canossa By about 900 AD, the Holy Roman Emperors started to lose power over Northern Italy. The Counts of Canossa controlled most of Northern Italy: Florence, Pisa, Siena, Genoa. Matilda of Canossa Holy Roman Empire Early Medieval Venice All our medieval Europe articles St. Mark's Cathedral in Venice, Italy [...]

2 08, 2017

Who were the Visigoths? Early Middle Ages

By |2019-09-17T11:35:48-07:00August 2nd, 2017|Medieval|2 Comments

Gold coin minted by King Euric,with the name of the Roman Emperor on it The Visigoths established a kingdom for themselves within the collapsing Roman Empire in 418 AD. They took over most of south-western France (Aquitaine), a very fertile area where many Romans lived. The Visigoths at first acted more or less as representatives of the Roman government. They [...]

1 08, 2017

Medieval Spanish art

By |2017-08-01T08:19:32-07:00August 1st, 2017|Art, Medieval|0 Comments

Visigothic horseshoe arch (San Juan Banos) Because Spain was in the Roman Empire, in the 300s AD Spanish art looked a lot like other Roman art. It's not exactly the same - each province had its own way of doing things. Roman period Spanish art is usually stronger-looking and more forceful than art from other parts of [...]

1 08, 2017

Byzantine pottery – Middle Ages

By |2017-08-01T08:08:24-07:00August 1st, 2017|Art, Medieval|0 Comments

(Metropolitan Museum, New York) After the fall of the western part of the Roman Empire, the remaining part of the Roman empire in West Asia and Egypt kept on using Roman red pottery. But by around 700 AD, after Heraclius, Byzantine potters began to make tin-glazed pottery, just like in the neighboring Umayyad empire. This glazed pottery looked a lot like [...]

1 08, 2017

Medieval art history – Europe

By |2017-08-01T07:56:10-07:00August 1st, 2017|Art, Medieval|0 Comments

A Late Antique ivory carving Roman art, German art, and Islamic art mixed together in Europe in the Early Middle Ages to create a new form, which we call medieval art. Art historians divide medieval art into Early Medieval, Romanesque, and Gothic art. But these types of art looked different in different places, and in the hands of [...]

30 07, 2017

Early Gothic architecture

By |2019-05-20T04:52:56-07:00July 30th, 2017|Architecture, Medieval|1 Comment

Early Gothic architecture: Notre Dame of Paris (1160s AD) What came after Romanesque? After the Romanesque period in architecture, around 1100 AD, architects in western Europe gradually started to build Christian churches and palaces in the Gothic style. Romanesque architecture Medieval architecture All our medieval Europe articles The easiest difference to see between the two styles is that [...]

29 07, 2017

Aachen – Palatine Chapel – Charlemagne

By |2017-07-29T18:08:15-07:00July 29th, 2017|Architecture, Medieval|0 Comments

Aachen cathedral (begun 792 AD) One of the first ambitious buildings in Western Europe after the fall of Rome was Charlemagne's chapel at his capital of Aachen (now in northern Germany) about 792 AD. Charlemagne thought of himself as re-creating the Roman Empire. He wanted to build an impressive church that would show that he was a very [...]

22 06, 2017

From honey to sugar – History of Honey

By |2019-08-19T20:43:22-07:00June 22nd, 2017|Food|0 Comments

History of honey: Beehives in Europe, about 1400 AD Honey in antiquity All through antiquity, honey kept on being very important as a sweetener, a preservative, and a medicine throughout Africa, Europe, and Asia. Wax was used for candles and to seal things. Early honey and beehives All about beeswax Lost wax casting [...]

14 06, 2017

Egypt under Islamic rule

By |2017-06-14T23:54:36-07:00June 14th, 2017|Africa, Egypt, History, Islam|0 Comments

Al-Azhar Mosque in Cairo, Egypt (900s AD) With the rise of the new religion of Islam, the Arabs started a new empire centered on Syria. Soon the Arabs conquered Egypt, too. So, just like the Assyrians and the Persians, now West Asian Arabs ruled Egypt. Gradually most Egyptians converted from Christianity to Islam (the [...]

5 06, 2017

Ming Dynasty Chinese art – Medieval China

By |2018-10-15T20:22:30-07:00June 5th, 2017|Art, China|0 Comments

Ming Dynasty Chinese art Ming emperors unify Chinese art After the Mongols were thrown out of China, and the Chinese emperors took over again in the Ming Dynasty of the late 1300s AD, the Ming emperors wanted to build up Chinese nationalism. Instead of being part of the huge Mongol Empire, now China [...]