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Arch of Septimius Severus – Roman art

By | 2017-08-31T10:40:13+00:00 August 31st, 2017|Art, Romans|

Arch of Septimius Severus. You can see the Roman Senate in the background. Septimius Severus was a Roman emperor about 200 AD who decided to put up a stone triumphal arch in the Roman forum in order to remind people about his military victories over the Parthians east of Rome. In this picture, you can see the Roman Senate House in [...]

Arch of Constantine – Roman art

By | 2017-09-13T12:46:27+00:00 August 31st, 2017|Art, Romans|

Arch of Constantine in Rome, with the Colosseum in the background When Constantine killed Maxentius in the battle of the Milvian Bridge, in 312 AD, he marched triumphantly into Rome. After the victory parade was over, Constantine decided he wanted people to remember this victory, and he put up a large stone triumphal arch, like [...]

Early Gothic architecture

By | 2017-07-30T21:43:40+00:00 July 30th, 2017|Architecture, Medieval|

Notre Dame of Paris (1160s AD) After the Romanesque period in architecture, around 1100 AD, architects in western Europe gradually began to build Christian churches and palaces in the Gothic style. The easiest difference to see between the two styles is that while Romanesque churches have round arches, Gothic churches have pointed arches. A Romanesque arch - rounded The [...]

Harappan architecture – India

By | 2017-07-19T14:13:00+00:00 July 19th, 2017|Architecture, India|

Bath building at Mohenjo-Daro, 2500 BC The earliest big buildings in India were built by the Harappan people in the Indus River valley, about 2500 BC. The Harappan buildings included high brick walls around their cities to keep out enemies. Most of the buildings were ordinary houses, with rooms arranged around a small courtyard. Probably some families owned a [...]

Build a Roman arch – Ancient Rome project

By | 2017-06-11T15:06:48+00:00 June 11th, 2017|Architecture, Romans|

Roman aqueduct at Nimes, France Aqueducts were the most famous way the Romans used arches, but they really used arches in all their buildings. With an arch, you could build a big room, without having to find huge trees to make the roof out of. Just small stones would do, or even just [...]

What’s a flying buttress? History of Architecture – Medieval Europe

By | 2018-01-02T12:01:12+00:00 May 24th, 2017|Architecture, History, Medieval, Northern Europe|

Flying buttress (Rouen Cathedral, 1200s AD) Gothic cathedrals In the 1100s AD, architects in northern France wanted to build big impressive Gothic cathedrals. They also wanted their cathedrals to be full of light, so they would be inspiring, not dark and depressing. But if the walls were mostly glass windows, how would they hold [...]