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Medieval art history – Europe

By |2017-08-01T07:56:10+00:00August 1st, 2017|Art, Medieval|

A Late Antique ivory carving Roman art, German art, and Islamic art mixed together in Europe in the Early Middle Ages to create a new form, which we call medieval art. Art historians divide medieval art into Early Medieval, Romanesque, and Gothic art. But these types of art looked different in different places, and in the hands of [...]

Medieval German art

By |2018-04-10T22:56:55+00:00August 1st, 2017|Art, Medieval|

Evangelists on an ivory plaque, Cologne(?), ca. 1000 AD (Now in Metropolitan Museum, New York) At first, German art after the fall of Rome was a lot like Visigothic or Merovingian art. People call German art made after the 900s AD "Ottonian" after the German emperors who were ruling at that time. Because these Otto emperors thought of themselves as being Holy Roman [...]

Cimabue – Giotto’s teacher – Medieval art

By |2018-04-10T22:50:24+00:00July 31st, 2017|Art, Medieval|

Cimabue's Madonna and Jesus, in Louvre Museum, Paris Cimabue (really Cenno di Pepe, but people call him Cimabue) was born in Florence, Italy, around 1240 AD, in the Middle Ages. Cimabue (chee-MA-boo-ay) worked in and around Florence his whole life. He worked on the mosaics decorating the inside of the baptistry and the cathedral in Florence. Fresco of Jesus, from the [...]

Westminster Abbey – London

By |2017-07-31T10:53:24+00:00July 31st, 2017|Architecture, Medieval|

Westminster Abbey western facade (front) Westminster Abbey is a large church in the Gothic style in London, England. Edward the Confessor built an abbey here in 1050 AD, in the Romanesque style. (An abbey is a place for monks or nuns to live and pray) William the Conqueror was crowned in the Abbey. And since his time all English kings and queens have also been crowned [...]

Sainte Chapelle – Paris – Conciergerie

By |2017-07-31T10:08:19+00:00July 31st, 2017|Architecture, Medieval|

Sainte Chapelle, in Paris The Sainte Chapelle was (and is) a beautiful little church or chapel in France, on the island in the middle of the city of Paris. King Louis IX, also known as Saint Louis, and his mother, Queen Blanche of Castile, built it between 1241 and 1248 AD (before Louis left on the Seventh Crusade). King [...]

Rouen cathedral – medieval France

By |2017-07-31T10:03:41+00:00July 31st, 2017|Architecture, Medieval|

Rouen cathedral (begun 1202 AD) The people of Rouen, in northern France, decided to build themselves a new cathedral in 1200 AD, just after people started building Chartres cathedral, and only about forty years after they began building Laon Cathedral and Notre Dame in Paris. Rouen nave Unlike these other cathedrals, though, it took more than three hundred years to [...]

Inside Reims cathedral – Nave and Transept

By |2017-07-31T09:49:52+00:00July 31st, 2017|Architecture, Medieval|

Elevation of the nave inside Reims cathedral One difference between Chartres cathedral and Reims cathedral was that at Reims they didn't build a deep gallery over the aisle. Instead, they just put in a shallow, fake gallery, that looked lighter. As at Chartres, this gallery is tiny compared to the big arches underneath. On the [...]

Reims cathedral – medieval France

By |2017-07-31T09:44:21+00:00July 31st, 2017|Architecture, Medieval|

Reims cathedral (begun 1211 AD) Reims was already an important Christian church in 496 AD, just after the fall of Rome, when the first Christian king of France, Clovis, was baptized there (the remains of the baptismal font are still there under the cathedral). After that, most kings of France were crowned in Reims (pronounced RANCE). The bishops of Reims wanted their [...]

Pisa Baptistery – Medieval Italy

By |2017-07-31T09:25:49+00:00July 31st, 2017|Architecture, Medieval|

The baptistery of Pisa, Italy This baptistery is where people baptized  their children in medieval Pisa (PEE-za), in Italy. The people of Pisa built their round baptistery in the Romanesque style around 1150 AD. So the lower levels have round arches. But by the time they finished building the upper part, architects were changing over to the Gothic style. [...]

Inside Notre Dame – Paris, France

By |2017-07-31T09:26:25+00:00July 31st, 2017|History|

Notre Dame of Paris nave After they had pretty much finished the nave of Notre Dame of Paris, the builders worked on the crossing. Then they started on the apse. They finished the apse in 1182 AD, and the nave in 1196. Then they began working on the transept. But they soon ran out of money to [...]