Roman Gladiators - Ancient Rome
PRINT THIS PAGE answers questions: an online encyclopedia of history and science

Roman Gladiators

rome gladiators
Roman gladiators

Romans liked watching other people die. They thought that was fun, like maybe you think going to horror movies or watching Cops on TV is fun. They also believed that their gods liked gladiatorial fights, so that going to the fights was a sort of religious experience as well as being fun. Many Roman people went to big amphitheaters (like our football stadiums today) to see professionals fight (like boxers today). You went early in the morning, and paid for your ticket, and sat in your seat. Sometimes all the seats were free, if a rich person had given money to pay for the show. Other times, you had to pay, and it cost more money for the good seats than for the bad seats, so the poor people had to sit way up top where it was hard to see.

el djem
Amphitheater of El Djem, in Tunisia
(North Africa) (the second biggest in the Roman Empire
, after the Colosseum in Rome)
El Jem amphitheater

First men in armor came out and fought against wild animals, like bears or bulls or alligators or ostriches or lions or tigers. Sometimes women fought, instead of the men. Hunters captured the animals in faraway places and brought them to the stadiums specially. Then the Romans treated the animals badly to make them hungry and mean so they would fight. Usually the fighters killed the animals, but sometimes the animals killed the fighters, which everyone thought was very exciting. You can still see this kind of fighting today in bullfights in Spain or France or Mexico.

A modern bull-fight

Around lunchtime there would be a break, and people would eat their lunches. Some people brought picnics with them: bread and cheese and vegetables mostly. Other people bought food from the vendors who were walking around the stadium selling wine and water and stuffed pastries (like spanikopita). While people were eating lunch, in their seats, there would be a half-time show that sometimes had singers or dancers or a little play, or sometimes had criminals being killed. Sometimes the criminals were just brought out and had their heads cut off or were stabbed, but other times they were tied to posts and the bears came and attacked them, or they were pushed off a high tower, or something creative like that. Because the gods loved to see justice done, they also liked to see criminals being killed.

After lunch sometimes there was another show, where men fought men, or once in a while women fought women. In big cities, these fights were to the death. In smaller towns, probably the gladiators usually just fought until someone was hurt, though sometimes they did get killed. The people who were fighting were often, though not always, slaves.

Learn by doing - Roman gladiators project
Roman chariot racing

Bibliography and further reading about Roman gladiators and their games:

Asterix the Gladiator, by Rene Goscinny. A comic book adventure, but historically accurate (except for our hero Asterix!).

Gladiator, by Richard Watkins (2000). For kids.

The Roman Colosseum, by Michael and Elizabeth Mann (1998). For kids.

Life, Death, and Entertainment in the Roman Empire, edited by David Potter and David Mattingly (1999). Good solid information, if you don't mind it being mainly about people who lived in cities.

Blood in the Arena: The Spectacle of Roman Power, by Alison Futrell (1997).

Roman circuses (horse-racing)
Gladiator Project
Colosseum Project
Roman games
Ancient Rome home

Copyright 2012-2015 Karen Carr, Portland State University. This page last updated September 2015.

About - Contact - Privacy Policy - What do the broom and the mop say when you open the closet door?