Who is Krishna? - A God of Ancient India
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Who is Krishna?

stone relief man leaping at a horse
Krishna killing the horse demon
(Guptan Empire, 400s AD,
now in Metropolitan Museum, NYC)

Krishna was one of the Hindu gods. He was actually just one of the many forms of the god Vishnu. Krishna was thought of as one reincarnation of Vishnu. Krishna doesn't appear in Indian stories before about 300 BC, and probably he and Vishnu were both newer gods that came into Hinduism around the time of the Mauryan Empire, as the older gods like Indra, with their demands for animal sacrifice, started to seem old-fashioned.

Krishna appears in many complicated stories. Sometimes he is a child, and sometimes a flute-player who calls people's souls, and sometimes he is involved in love affairs with Hindu goddesses, and sometimes he is a great leader.

Krishna's most famous story is in the Bhagavad Gita, written about 300 BC, where Krishna, disguised as a charioteer, tells the young prince Arjuna how to act according to his dharma, and generally what is good and what is bad.

Learn by doing: visit an art museum and look at Indian art about Krishna
More about Vishnu

Bibliography and further reading about Krishna:

More about Hinduism
More about India
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Professor Carr

Karen Eva Carr, PhD.
Assoc. Professor Emerita, History
Portland State University

Professor Carr holds a B.A. with high honors from Cornell University in classics and archaeology, and her M.A. and PhD. from the University of Michigan in Classical Art and Archaeology. She has excavated in Scotland, Cyprus, Greece, Israel, and Tunisia, and she has been teaching history to university students for a very long time.

Professor Carr's PSU page

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