Arjuna

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Who is Krishna? Hinduism in India

By |2017-07-21T10:37:03+00:00July 21st, 2017|India, Religion|

The god Krishna killing the horse demon (Guptan Empire, 400s AD,now in Metropolitan Museum, NYC) Krishna was one of the Hindu gods. He was actually just one of the many forms of the god Vishnu. People thought of Krishna as one reincarnation of Vishnu. The god Krishna doesn't appear in Indian stories before about 300 BC. Probably he [...]

What is karma? Hinduism – India

By |2018-09-24T07:45:54+00:00July 21st, 2017|India, Religion|

What is karma? Jataka Tales about karma: King Siva offers his body to save a dove from a hawk, and King Candraprabha is so generous that he gives away his own head (Mogao Caves, China, about 500 AD) What is karma? Karma is the Sanskrit word for "action" or "doing something." It comes from an [...]

What is dharma? Hinduism – India

By |2017-07-21T08:23:46+00:00July 21st, 2017|India, Religion|

Arjuna fights Shiva (in a story from the Mahabharata) Dharma is a Sanskrit word originally meaning order or solidity or normality. It comes from an earlier Indo-European (Yamnaya) word meaning firm, solid, like wood or a tree. Hindus later on used it to mean something like "law" or "duty" - it's the laws of nature that keep order [...]

Bhagavad Gita – Religion in India

By |2017-07-20T22:12:52+00:00July 20th, 2017|India, Religion|

The Bhagavad Gita is part of a longer poem, the Mahabharata, that was written in India probably about 300 BC. Historians disagree about the date though. The Bhagavad Gita (BA-ga-vad GEE-ta with a hard G like in "girl") sums up the main Hindu philosophy and faith of the period, including apparently new ideas about dharma and karma and nirvana. Arjuna fighting Karna, with Krishna as [...]

Duryodhana and Karna – India’s Mahabharata

By |2018-10-26T08:01:07+00:00July 20th, 2017|India, Literature|

Duryodhana (Cambodia, ca. 900s AD) Who was Duryodhana? Duryodhana was the enemy of the Pandavas in the story of the Mahabharata. He's forced out of power when the Pandavas defeat him. His friend Karna fights for him, defeating many kings, but eventually Arjuna kills Karna in a great battle. More about the Mahabharata Lots of India [...]