Vishnu

/Tag: Vishnu

Who is Vishnu? – Hinduism – India

By |2017-07-21T13:35:30-07:00July 21st, 2017|India, Religion|

Vishnu and Lakshmi (Kashmir, 1000s AD now in Los Angeles) Vishnu was one of the Hindu gods. He was mentioned in the Rig Veda as a god of light and the sun. But people first began to worship Vishnu as a really important god around 300 BC. About this time, people began to think about Vishnu as being like the sun's energy, everywhere, [...]

Shiva – Hindu god – Ancient India

By |2017-07-21T13:13:00-07:00July 21st, 2017|India, Religion|

The Hindu god Shiva Shiva was a Hindu fertility god, who made the crops grow. He was not mentioned in the Rig Veda, about 1000 BC, and seems to have come into Hinduism later than that. Around 300 BC, in the Mauryan period, people began worshipping Shiva. This might be another name for the Harappan god Rudra. But unlike the earlier Hindu gods, [...]

Who is Lakshmi? Hindu goddess – India

By |2017-07-21T11:07:45-07:00July 21st, 2017|India, Religion|

Lakshmi (Sanchi Stupa, central India, 200s BC) Lakshmi was (and is) a Hindu goddess of light, wealth, good luck and success. Her name comes from the Sanskrit word laks, which can mean "light" or "goal". And that comes from an earlier Yamnaya word for "bright and shiny". There are statues of Lakshmi starting about 500 BC, but she probably became a [...]

Who is Krishna? Hinduism in India

By |2017-07-21T10:37:03-07:00July 21st, 2017|India, Religion|

The god Krishna killing the horse demon (Guptan Empire, 400s AD,now in Metropolitan Museum, NYC) Krishna was one of the Hindu gods. He was actually just one of the many forms of the god Vishnu. People thought of Krishna as one reincarnation of Vishnu. The god Krishna doesn't appear in Indian stories before about 300 BC. Probably he [...]

What is Hinduism? A religion of India

By |2019-08-14T13:40:55-07:00July 21st, 2017|India, Religion, What|

Hinduism: Arjuna fighting Karna, with Krishna as his charioteer (Duttapara Temple, ca. 1500s AD) What does "Hindu" mean? The word Hindu comes from the river Indus. So it just means the people who live near the Indus river (actually in modern Pakistan). Indian environment Religions of India All our India articles Harappans and Hinduism [...]

Brahma – Hindu god – Indian religion

By |2019-02-21T21:14:18-07:00July 21st, 2017|India, Religion|

Brahma (Musée Guimet, Paris,from Madhya Pradesh, about 1100 AD) Who was the god Brahma? Brahma was, along with Vishnu and Shiva, one of the three main gods of Hinduism. More about Vishnu And about Hinduism Religions of India All our India articles Vishnu came first, according to Hindu stories, and then Brahma was born out of Vishnu's [...]

Mauryan India – history of India

By |2017-09-13T08:21:08-07:00July 20th, 2017|History, India|

These punch-marked silver coins might be from the time of Chandragupta I Alexander went back to Babylon in 324 BC. Then a man named Chandragupta overthrew the old Vedic kingdom of Nanda and formed a big new empire. He ruled all of northern India and into Afghanistan. Greek historians said that Chandragupta got the idea from Alexander. But it [...]

Indian art – Ancient and medieval

By |2018-04-23T15:13:04-07:00July 19th, 2017|Art, India|

Indian art: Krishna The major themes of Indian art seem to begin emerging as early as the Harappan period, about 2500 BC. Although we're still not sure, some Harappan images look like later images of Vishnu and Shiva, and the tradition may start this early. With the arrival of the Indo-Europeans (or Aryans) around 1500 BC, came new Central Asian artistic [...]

Guptan temples – Indian architecture

By |2019-07-30T12:07:20-07:00July 19th, 2017|Architecture, India|

Guptan temples: Tigawa temple, 350 AD The first free-standing stone temples When the Mauryan empire collapsed, about 200 BC, for more than five hundred years Indian leaders were too busy fighting wars against each other to build any big buildings. But around 350 AD some victorious leaders formed a new empire, the Guptan Empire. Once there was peace, people began [...]