Three Kingdoms China – Early Medieval Chinese History

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A Chinese walkway, garden, and tomb

The tomb of Liu Bei

For three hundred years starting in 220 AD, China was divided into three smaller kingdoms (which were each still really pretty big). One kingdom was Wei, and the Ts’ao family ruled the kingdom of Wei. It was in the northern part of China. Wei was not really strong enough to protect itself against invaders from the north, and soon some of these invaders, the Toba, took over ruling it.

The second kingdom was Shu Han, and Liu Bei ruled the kingdom of Shu Han. It was in the south-west part of China.

The third kingdom was called Wu, and Sun Ch’uan ruled it. Wu was in the south-east part of China.

One of the great books of Chinese literature, the Romance of the Three Kingdoms, is about the wars that happened during the time when the Three Kingdoms were all fighting each other.

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Bibliography and further reading:

Three Kingdoms Chinese art
Three Kingdoms architecture
Sui Dynasty (581-618 AD)
Ancient China

By | 2017-12-26T18:13:36+00:00 June 6th, 2017|China, History|0 Comments
Cite this page: Carr, K.E. Three Kingdoms China – Early Medieval Chinese History. Study Guides, June 6, 2017. Web. February 22, 2018.

About the Author:

Karen Carr
Karen Carr is Associate Professor Emerita, Department of History, Portland State University. She holds a doctorate in Classical Art and Archaeology from the University of Michigan. Follow her on Instagram, Pinterest, or Twitter, or buy her book, Vandals to Visigoths.

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