Modern European religion

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A Catholic bishop marries Napoleon and Josephine

A Catholic bishop marries Napoleon and Josephine

Even though by 1802 Napoleon had opened up the Catholic churches again, French people kept their freedom of religion, and the Catholic Church had much less power in France. Soon Catholics and Protestants lost power in other European countries too. In 1803, the Catholic Church lost its land in Germany when Napoleon took over. In 1805, Napoleon conquered Italy and took over many monasteries and convents there. By 1836, a new democratic government took over the monasteries and convents in Spain. In 1866, when Italy became a united country, many more monasteries closed.

Christianity got more powerful again in the late 1800s. In 1851, Queen Isabella in Spain let the Catholic Church have more power again (but she didn’t give back the monasteries).

The Spanish Civil War anarchists in 1936 were violently opposed to Catholicism. By 1939, however, Franco’s government supported the Catholic Church in Spain. At the same time, the Nazis in Germany told women that they should take care of “Kinder, Kuche, Kirche” – Kids, Kitchen, Church.

In World War II, the Nazis killed most of the Jewish people in Europe, to make Europe a more Christian place. The result of World War II and Franco’s Spain was to make many people in Europe even more suspicious of organized Christianity than they had been before. Today only about half the people in Europe believe in God, and only about four out of ten people in France ever go to church.

After World War II, many Muslim people from Europe’s old colonies in Africa and Asia started to move to Europe. They brought Islam with them, and today about 7% of the people in Europe follow Islam.

European Religion in the Renaissance

Bibliography and further reading about European religion:

Enlightenment
Jesuits
Christianity
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By | 2017-08-07T13:58:10+00:00 August 7th, 2017|History, Modern Europe, Religion|0 Comments
Cite this page: Carr, K.E. Modern European religion. Quatr.us Study Guides, August 7, 2017. Web. December 17, 2017.

About the Author:

Karen Carr

Karen Carr is Associate Professor Emerita, Department of History, Portland State University. She holds a doctorate in Classical Art and Archaeology from the University of Michigan. Follow her on Instagram, Pinterest, or Twitter, or buy her book, Vandals to Visigoths.

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