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3 10, 2017

Science in Islamic Africa – medieval African science

By |2019-08-21T09:21:51-07:00October 3rd, 2017|Africa|0 Comments

Medieval African science: The walls of Timbuktu, in Mali, West Africa Medieval African science In the 700s AD, the Islamic Empire conquered North Africa and began to trade a lot with East Africa. Islamic government did not allow women to work in science or medicine. But there were a lot of men in North Africa and East Africa, and in the area [...]

3 10, 2017

Islamic North Africa – caravans across the Sahara

By |2019-08-21T09:31:54-07:00October 3rd, 2017|Africa|0 Comments

Islamic North Africa: Kairouan mosque (ca. 800 AD) The Eastern Roman reconquest of North Africa in the 530s AD ended the Vandal kingdom there. But trade declined until the Islamic invasions of North Africa in the 600s AD and the establishment of the Umayyad, and then the Fatimid dynasties. Fatimids Under Islamic rule, North Africa became part of a [...]

2 10, 2017

Life in ancient Africa – gender and class history

By |2019-08-21T09:34:21-07:00October 2nd, 2017|Africa|4 Comments

African daily life: Mary and Jesus, from Ethiopia (ca. 1500 AD) (Now in the J. Paul Getty Museum) Inequality in African society Ancient African society didn't have the huge differences between rich and poor people that plagued Europe and Asia. North Africa, being part of the Mediterranean community, was an exception. But south of the Sahara [...]

15 09, 2017

West Asian science – Mesopotamia and Iran

By |2019-09-04T05:49:39-07:00September 15th, 2017|West Asia|0 Comments

The constellation Orion What did Mesopotamians invent? From the Stone Age through the Islamic empires, great scientific discoveries have streamed out of West Asia. West Asia is one of the places where farming got started, and maybe the sailboat. Farming  Early ships and sailing Numbers and writing The pottery wheel All our West Asia articles The Sumerians developed the [...]

15 09, 2017

Zoroastrianism – Iran – West Asian religion

By |2019-09-04T05:58:45-07:00September 15th, 2017|West Asia|0 Comments

An Iranian fire sacrifice Zoroaster/Zarathustra himself Around 1000 BC (probably), about the same time that people in India were writing the Rig Veda, a man named Zoroaster (also called Zarathustra) was a priest in a small temple in the eastern part of West Asia, in an area with a lot of small kingdoms and no major power. Zoroaster believed that [...]

15 09, 2017

West Asian people – families, schools, slavery

By |2019-09-04T07:31:22-07:00September 15th, 2017|West Asia|0 Comments

West Asian people: Ur-Nanshe, the king's chief musician in Mari, 2400s BC Oppression of women What we notice most about the way people lived in West Asia is the widespread oppression of women. As compared to their neighbors in Sudan, Egypt, Central Asia, the Roman Empire, or even India, West Asian women were [...]

11 09, 2017

Parthian and Sassanid architecture – West Asia

By |2019-09-05T06:00:43-07:00September 11th, 2017|West Asia|0 Comments

Parthian architecture - the so-called Arch of Sapor - Parthians - Ctesiphon, Iraq, probably about 500 AD Romans and Parthians About 100 BC, the Hellenistic Greek kingdoms gave way to new conquerors. The Romans took over the West (modern Israel, Syria, Jordan, Armenia, and Turkey). The Parthians took over the East (modern Iraq, Iran, and Pakistan). The [...]

11 09, 2017

West Asian religion – Ottoman and Safavid, Sunni and Shiite

By |2019-09-05T06:34:36-07:00September 11th, 2017|West Asia|0 Comments

Shah Mosque, Ishfahan, Iran (1611-38) West Asia was divided into two big empires in the 1500s AD - the Ottoman Empire and the Safavid Empire. Both the Ottomans and the Safavids followed Islam, but they followed two different kinds of Islam. The rulers and most of the people of the Ottoman Empire followed Sunni Islam, but in the Safavid Empire most people followed Shiite Islam. [...]

10 09, 2017

Early medieval world history timeline: 400-800 AD

By |2019-05-19T21:05:14-07:00September 10th, 2017|History, Islam, When|0 Comments

Early medieval timeline: Dome of the Rock mosque, Jerusalem (600s AD)  Europe in the Early Middle Ages In the Early Middle Ages, many empires around the world collapsed into smaller countries. Partly because of the Huns invading, the western half of the Roman Empire collapsed. Who were the Huns? The Fall of Rome More about [...]

1 09, 2017

Eid al-Adha – Islamic holidays

By |2019-08-10T23:36:52-07:00September 1st, 2017|Islam, Religion, West Asia|0 Comments

Eid al-Adha: an Islamic image of Abraham and Ishmael What is Eid al-Adha? Eid al-Adha is an Islamic holiday. It falls a few months after the end of Ramadan, Eid al-Fitr. These two celebrations are the two most important holidays of the year for Islam, and of the two, this holiday is the [...]