War

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3 10, 2017

Early African warfare – mercenaries and catapults

By |2019-08-21T09:18:19-07:00October 3rd, 2017|Africa|0 Comments

Early African warfare: Nubian archers in the Middle Kingdom (from the Nubian museum in Aswan, Egypt) The beginnings of war There has been fighting in Africa since the early Stone Age, when one group of people fought and killed another group in order to take over their land along the shore of a [...]

5 09, 2017

Roman army from the Republic to the fall of Rome

By |2019-03-22T08:39:21-07:00September 5th, 2017|Romans, War|0 Comments

Testudo formation on the Column of Trajan, Rome What did the Roman army do? The Roman army fought many wars over the long history of the Roman Empire. For hundreds of years they won pretty much all of their wars. In the early days of the Roman Republic, they beat the Etruscans. Then they beat [...]

5 09, 2017

Roman wars and warfare – the Roman military

By |2018-04-25T10:26:45-07:00September 5th, 2017|Romans, War|0 Comments

Roman soldiers on the Column of Marcus Aurelius, Rome The Romans were (along with some Greek city-states) among the first people on Earth to pay their soldiers a regular salary so that they could be full-time soldiers instead of only fighting when they could spare the time from their farms. At first, the Romans had part-time soldiers like the Carthaginians and [...]

4 09, 2017

Who was the god Mars? The Roman god of war

By |2017-09-04T16:05:22-07:00September 4th, 2017|Religion, Romans|0 Comments

So-called "Mars of Todi", an Etruscan statue from about 500 BC Mars was the Roman god of war and fighting, the son of Juno (all by herself, with no dad). People in the Roman Empire thought of Mars as being similar to the Greek god of war, Ares, but Mars was a popular god, who fought to bring peace and [...]

21 07, 2017

Indra, god of rain – Ancient India

By |2019-09-17T07:20:17-07:00July 21st, 2017|India, Religion|0 Comments

Indra, 4-5th c. AD (Mathura, India)   Who was Indra? In the earliest Hindu stories that we know of, from the Rig Veda, Indra is the ruler of the Hindu gods, the way Zeus is the ruler of the Greek gods, or Thor the ruler of the German gods. These stories probably go back at least to about 1000 BC. [...]

19 07, 2017

War in ancient Greece

By |2018-04-23T14:26:48-07:00July 19th, 2017|Greeks, War|0 Comments

Greek warfare: hoplite soldiers (Chigi Vase, ca. 650 BC) Wars were very common in ancient Greece. The Greeks lived in little city-states, each one like a small town in the United States today, with no more than about 100,000 people in each city-state. These city-states - Athens, Sparta, Corinth, Thebes - were always fighting each other over their borders. [...]

19 07, 2017

Greek hoplites and democracy – Classical Greece

By |2019-08-20T23:19:17-07:00July 19th, 2017|Greeks, War|0 Comments

Greek hoplites and democracy - a Corinthian helmet from the 600s BC Hoplites needed armor When the Greek city-states turned to this new hoplite way of fighting, it meant that each man had to have the right armor. Nobody could fight without a shield, and a helmet, and all that. So you could only be a [...]

19 07, 2017

Greek hoplite phalanx – the army

By |2019-09-13T07:00:29-07:00July 19th, 2017|Greeks|9 Comments

Ancient Greek soldiers - Greek hoplites in a phalanx formation (Chigi Vase, ca. 650 BC) Before the hoplite phalanx In the Bronze Age, and in the early part of the Archaic period, Greek soldiers fought their battles the same way most other soldiers did in the Mediterranean and West Asia. They learned to [...]

18 07, 2017

Ancient Greek warships

By |2019-09-17T11:00:04-07:00July 18th, 2017|Greeks|2 Comments

A pentekontor People called the earliest Greek warships pentekontors. They were probably designed to compete with similar Phoenician ships being built about the same time. Pentekontors were long, narrow ships, designed to go fast so they could overtake other ships and attack them. They had 25 rowers, or oarsmen, on each side. By the 500s BC, [...]