Vikings

/Tag: Vikings
20 09, 2017

Mercenaries and military history

By |2018-04-20T08:25:06-07:00September 20th, 2017|War|0 Comments

Nubian archers in the Middle Kingdom (from the Nubian museum in Aswan, Egypt). About 2000 BC. Mercenaries (MURR-sinn-air-eez) are paid volunteer soldiers: they are soldiers who are fighting as a job, not in order to save their country or for the glory of God. They only fight if they are paid, or for the [...]

8 09, 2017

What is steel? Ancient and medieval steel

By |2018-04-24T08:21:18-07:00September 8th, 2017|India, Science|2 Comments

Damascus steel sword from the 1200s AD Soon after 300 BC, with the rise of the Silk Road, people were all looking for new ideas for things they could sell. Thanks to Buddhist monks, there were big universities in Mauryan India, where people came from all over Asia to study and work, and they, or someone else in India, [...]

10 08, 2017

Tuniit history – Native Americans

By |2018-04-07T17:05:41-07:00August 10th, 2017|History, Native American|0 Comments

Pre-Dorset fish hook Several thousand years after the first people crossed the Bering Land Bridge into North America, other people came to North America by boats, crossing from Siberia across the Arctic Ocean to Alaska. This was about 7000-5000 BC. Archaeologists call these people the pre-Dorset Culture. These people seem to have begun to leave Alaska about 4500 BC, when a warming [...]

9 08, 2017

Mississippian period – Native Americans

By |2019-09-15T07:00:04-07:00August 9th, 2017|Native American|5 Comments

Cahokia mound in Illinois, where a Mississippian city was After 800 AD the Mississippian culture developed all along the Mississippi and the Missouri valleys, replacing the earlier Woodland culture. Now many people lived in towns. They built temples and palaces on top of big earth mounds. They had wooden fortification walls around their towns, with [...]

9 08, 2017

Inuit history – Native Americans

By |2018-04-24T09:52:08-07:00August 9th, 2017|History|0 Comments

Inuit carving of a sea lion The early Inuit The Inuit lived along the eastern coast of Siberia and in Alaska, on both sides of the Bering Strait. (Some people call them the Eskimo, but that's an insulting Algonquin word for them). The Inuit fished and hunted seals and walruses and caribou. Inuit trade with [...]

3 08, 2017

Beowulf and Grendel – Medieval Epic

By |2019-09-11T10:03:30-07:00August 3rd, 2017|Literature, Medieval|0 Comments

The only surviving manuscript of Beowulf Date of Beowulf Beowulf is a long poem that somebody wrote down around 1000 AD. The poem is in Old English, so whoever wrote it probably lived in England. It's one of the oldest poems written in English (but not the oldest). Only one copy of the poem [...]

3 08, 2017

Medieval Russia

By |2017-08-03T10:10:21-07:00August 3rd, 2017|History, Medieval|0 Comments

Santa Sophia in Kiev (modern Ukraine) As the new country of Poland got stronger and stronger in the late 900s AD, it became more of a threat to Russia. The powerful Polish king Boleslaw conquered all the way east to Kiev (KEY-ev). So gradually the new country of Russia got to be more and more friendly with the Byzantine [...]

3 08, 2017

Norman Conquest of England – Medieval Europe

By |2019-09-11T11:25:53-07:00August 3rd, 2017|History, Medieval|0 Comments

Outer walls of Caen castle, Normandy, France The Vikings settle in northern France Around 1000 AD, some of the Vikings who had been raiding France got permission from the French king to settle down and live in France instead. Who were the Vikings? Who was ruling France? These Vikings were supposed to help protect France against other Vikings (as [...]

2 08, 2017

Italy in the High Middle Ages

By |2018-04-21T13:20:50-07:00August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|0 Comments

Matilda of Canossa (ca. 1100 AD) By about 900 AD, the Holy Roman Emperors started to lose power over Northern Italy. The Counts of Canossa controlled most of Northern Italy: Florence, Pisa, Siena, Genoa. Around the year 1000 AD, a new city called Venice, in Northern Italy near Greece, became very rich by trading along the Silk Road. Venice was supposedly under the [...]

2 08, 2017

Early Middle Ages in Europe

By |2019-09-18T07:48:29-07:00August 2nd, 2017|Medieval|2 Comments

Early Middle Ages: Interior of Hagia Sophia When is the Early Middle Ages? The Early Middle Ages comes after the fall of Rome, about 400 AD. But all the way through the Early Middle Ages, European people still thought of themselves as living in the Roman Empire and being Romans. Fall of Rome Early Medieval [...]