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Life in ancient Africa – gender and class history

By |2018-04-13T01:37:34+00:00October 2nd, 2017|Africa, People|

African daily life: Mary and Jesus, from Ethiopia (ca. 1500 AD) (Now in the J. Paul Getty Museum) Inequality in African society Ancient African society didn't have the huge differences between rich and poor people that plagued Europe and Asia. North Africa, being part of the Mediterranean community, was an exception. But south of the Sahara [...]

Married women in West Asia

By |2018-04-25T23:58:44+00:00September 15th, 2017|People, West Asia|

Grindstone from Syria, about 1500 BC (Louvre Museum) Most married women in West Asia lived with their husband's family, so young married women took orders from their husband's mother. Sometimes the two women got along well; other times they fought the way many teenagers fight with their parents. Some families hit or starved [...]

Girls and young women in West Asia

By |2018-04-25T23:58:00+00:00September 15th, 2017|People, West Asia|

An enslaved woman stands behind a free Elamite woman who is spinning (600s BC) In West Asia, even more than in most other state societies all over the world, men did not allow women to do all the things that men did. People valued women less than men. In Hammurabi's Code, from 1700 BC, there's a lower penalty [...]

West Asian people – families, schools, slavery

By |2018-04-13T01:45:11+00:00September 15th, 2017|People, West Asia|

West Asian people: Ur-Nanshe, the king's chief musician in Mari, 2400s BC Oppression of women What we notice most about the way people lived in West Asia is the widespread oppression of women. As compared to their neighbors in Sudan, Egypt, Central Asia, the Roman Empire, or even India, West Asian women were [...]

Roman women: Women in ancient Rome – gender and power

By |2018-05-16T23:44:59+00:00September 4th, 2017|People, Romans|

Roman women: an old woman, about 50 AD. The sculptor has made her look silly on purpose to make fun of old women Were women oppressed in ancient Rome? Roman women lived under many restrictions that did not apply to Roman men. Roman women knew that men were treating them unfairly, and they [...]

Ancient Roman people – who lived in the Roman Empire?

By |2018-04-25T10:24:36+00:00September 4th, 2017|People, Romans|

A barmaid brings a drink to two men sitting on chairs. The words show the men arguing about whose drink it is. (Caupona of Salvius, Pompeii, 79 AD) The Roman Empire was so big that there were a lot of different people with different cultures living in it. So you can't really say there was one [...]

Roman freedmen – slavery in ancient Rome

By |2017-09-04T08:46:13+00:00September 4th, 2017|People, Romans|

A gravestone for a freedwoman, put up by her husband, who was also a freedman (ILS 1221, Rome, 80 BC) Freedmen and freedwomen were people in ancient Rome who had once been enslaved but had managed to get legally free. Sometimes they were freed because they were getting too old to work and the people [...]

Roman families – children and households in ancient Rome

By |2018-04-25T10:21:33+00:00September 4th, 2017|People, Romans|

A Roman family on a tombstone The Roman idea of family included not just a husband and wife and their children, but also their slaves (if they had any), so that it meant something more like a family-owned business with the employees. Because of this, Roman men had more power within the family than Roman women did - they [...]

American people – family, education, slavery

By |2018-04-24T11:03:47+00:00August 14th, 2017|Native American, North America, People|

A Pueblo family with a donkey in 1885 (Detroit Publishing Company) Since 1500 AD North American people's relationships to one another have seen big changes. In the 1500s, most kids lived in small villages with their families. Many kids grew up in longhouses or pueblos, with their cousins and aunts and uncles sharing their house. Nobody went to [...]

Medieval people – Life in medieval Europe

By |2018-04-24T11:23:07+00:00August 4th, 2017|Medieval, People|

Madonna and child (Donatello) The way people thought about each other in the Middle Ages, everyone was involved in complicated systems of relationships with each other. The first relationships people had were with their own families. In medieval European families, most kids lived with their father and mother and brothers and sisters. Because people died [...]