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Ethnicity in Medieval Islam

By |2018-04-09T23:09:44-07:00July 26th, 2017|Islam, People|

A plate from the Fatimid period (1000s AD), Egypt Some Islamic rulers bought or captured young Turkish, Mongol, Kurdish and Christian boys. The rulers took these boys away from their families to be special slaves. Tutors raised these boys together in dormitories. They educated the boys well and taught them to fight. When the boys grew up, they [...]

Medieval Islamic people

By |2018-04-18T23:33:48-07:00July 26th, 2017|Islam, People|

A plate from the Fatimid period (1000s AD), Egypt Children in the Islamic Empire generally did what their parents did (as many people still do today). Girls never went to school. They worked at home taking care of their brothers and sisters and cooking. Girls carried water from the well, and they went out to look for [...]

Medieval Islamic families

By |2018-04-09T10:35:28-07:00July 26th, 2017|Islam, People|

The Birth of Mohammed (Iran, about 1315 AD, now in Edinburgh) According to the Quran, Muslim men could have as many as four wives if they were rich enough to take care of them all. But most men in the Islamic world still had only one wife. In fact, most people in the Islamic empire lived the way people had in [...]

Slavery in medieval India – History of India

By |2017-12-06T21:45:42-07:00July 20th, 2017|India, People|

Dancing woman from Mohenjo Daro, in what is now Pakistan Slavery in ancient India There were probably always slaves in India, but until about 1000 AD there were only a few people who were enslaved, and most of them worked as house servants or entertainers. Islam brings more slavery to India But when Islamic conquerors reached India, they forced many [...]

Caste system in ancient India

By |2019-03-01T06:25:28-07:00July 20th, 2017|India, People|

Indian people partying: members of a high caste Why is caste important? Castes were the central feature of people's identities in ancient India. Beginning soon after the Yamnaya arrived in India, about 1500 BC, people in India began to divide everyone into one of five groups, or castes. Who are the Yamnaya? All our ancient India [...]

Friendship in ancient India

By |2019-06-25T08:09:33-07:00July 20th, 2017|History|

Duryodhana (Cambodia, ca. 900s AD) - friendship in ancient India Friendship between men We don't know very much about friendships among poor people in ancient India, or among women. But the stories that Indian people told had examples of strong friendships between powerful men. In the Mahabharata, which was first written down about 300 BC, Karna [...]

Ancient Greek people

By |2018-04-22T11:13:36-07:00July 11th, 2017|Greeks, People|

Ancient Greek people: boys playingknucklebones (ca. 440-430 BC, now in the Getty Museum, Los Angeles) Like other Indo-European people, the Greeks had a general tendency to divide the world into pairs of things, one opposed to the other. Ancient Greek people saw everything as divided into two parts, which fought with each other [...]

Were ancient Egyptians black? Life in ancient Egypt

By |2017-06-18T00:26:24-07:00June 18th, 2017|Africa, Egypt, People|

Egyptian women spinning and weaving (Model from the Tomb of Meket-re in Luxor, 11th dynasty (ca. 2000 BC), now in the Egyptian Museum, Cairo) Like other Africans, Egyptian people had dark skin to protect them from the African sun. They were further from the Equator than Central Africans, so their skin was lighter [...]

The family in ancient Egypt

By |2018-12-11T12:19:42-07:00June 17th, 2017|Africa, Egypt, People|

An Egyptian family: Nefertiti, Akhenaten, and their daughters A typical Egyptian family Most Egyptians lived in families with a mother and a father and children, just as many people do today. But an ancient Egyptian family often had five or more children. That was because so many children died before they grew up. [...]