Peloponnesian War

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What is typhoid fever? History of diseases

By | 2018-04-25T17:12:45+00:00 September 7th, 2017|Science|

A person with typhoid rash (Iran) Typhoid fever isn't the same thing as typhus at all. You catch typhus from being bit by lice that have bitten people with typhoid, and you catch typhoid from drinking water with traces of human poop in it. (You can't catch typhoid from animals.) The germs that cause typhoid are a kind of salmonella, [...]

War in ancient Greece

By | 2018-04-23T14:26:48+00:00 July 19th, 2017|Greeks, War|

Greek warfare: hoplite soldiers (Chigi Vase, ca. 650 BC) Wars were very common in ancient Greece. The Greeks lived in little city-states, each one like a small town in the United States today, with no more than about 100,000 people in each city-state. These city-states - Athens, Sparta, Corinth, Thebes - were always fighting each other over their borders. [...]

Who is Socrates? Ancient Greek philosopher from classical Athens

By | 2017-12-26T13:40:41+00:00 July 12th, 2017|Greeks, Philosophy|

A short biography of Socrates Socrates was the first of the three great Athenian philosophers (the other two are Plato and Aristotle). He was born in Athens in 469 BC, so he lived through the time of Pericles and the Athenian Empire. But he was too young to remember Marathon or Salamis. He was not [...]

Who was Xenophon? What’s the Anabasis?

By | 2018-04-23T09:12:24+00:00 July 11th, 2017|Greeks, History, Literature|

A later portrait of Xenophon (now in the Prado museum in Madrid) Xenophon, like Thucydides, was an Athenian from a rich family who lived during the Peloponnesian War, in the 400s BC. Xenophon (ZEN-oh-fahn) also had a lot of family connections to people from Sparta, and he thought the Spartans were doing a [...]

Who was Thucydides? Ancient Greek historian

By | 2018-04-23T08:03:16+00:00 July 11th, 2017|Greeks, Literature|

Thucydides, carved in the 200s BC, so long after he died. Now in the Louvre, in Paris Thucydides (thoo-SID-id-ees) was an Athenian from a rich family. He was related to the Athenian general Miltiades, who led the Athenians against the Persians at Marathon. Thucydides also became a general in the Athenian army. He [...]

Melos and Athens – Thucydides

By | 2018-04-23T08:03:15+00:00 July 10th, 2017|Greeks, History, Literature|

The Pnyx, where the Athenian Assembly met In 416 BC, Athens and Sparta were right in the middle of the Peloponnesian War. As part of that war, the Athenians got in an argument with the island of Melos. It ended in disaster. Melos was an island in the Aegean Sea, between Greece and the Persian [...]

Who was Aristophanes? Greek playwright

By | 2018-04-23T08:37:16+00:00 July 9th, 2017|Greeks, History|

Aristophanes: Greek krater bowl for mixing water and wine, with a scene from a comedy on it (Probably the Tarpoley Painter, about 400 BC) Political comedy Aristophanes (arr-iss-TA-fa-knees) lived in Athens at about the same time as Euripides, about 450-388 BC. But Aristophanes wrote comedies instead of tragedies. Most of Aristophanes' plays are [...]

Sicilian expedition – Peloponnesian War

By | 2017-07-09T01:19:34+00:00 July 9th, 2017|Greeks, History|

Alcibiades (from a later portrait done after he was dead) The Peloponnesian war was not going so well for Athens. So the Athenians decided to try a really dramatic, aggressive move. A young Athenian general named Alcibiades (al-se-BUY-a-dees) had a plan. He convinced the Athenian Assembly to send almost the entire Athenian army [...]

End of the Peloponnesian War

By | 2018-03-30T20:12:43+00:00 July 9th, 2017|Greeks, History|

The end of the Peloponnesian War: Tissaphernes, the Persian satrap Alcibiades changes sides The Spartans defeated the Sicilian Expedition in 415 BC. Plus, now they had the help of the Athenian general Alcibiades, who had gone over to the Spartan side. Alcibiades taught the Spartans how to fight naval battles.So the Spartans started [...]