Peloponnesian War

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7 09, 2017

What is typhoid fever? History of diseases

By |2018-09-11T05:38:29-07:00September 7th, 2017|Science|0 Comments

Typhoid fever: A person with typhoid rash (Iran) Is it typhoid or typhus? Typhoid fever isn't the same thing as typhus at all. You catch typhus from being bit by lice that have bitten people with typhoid, and you catch typhoid from drinking water with traces of human poop in it. (You can't catch typhoid from animals.) Find [...]

19 07, 2017

War in ancient Greece

By |2018-04-23T14:26:48-07:00July 19th, 2017|Greeks, War|0 Comments

Greek warfare: hoplite soldiers (Chigi Vase, ca. 650 BC) Wars were very common in ancient Greece. The Greeks lived in little city-states, each one like a small town in the United States today, with no more than about 100,000 people in each city-state. These city-states - Athens, Sparta, Corinth, Thebes - were always fighting each other over their borders. [...]

12 07, 2017

Who is Socrates? Ancient Greek philosopher from classical Athens

By |2017-12-26T13:40:41-07:00July 12th, 2017|Greeks, Philosophy|1 Comment

A short biography of Socrates Socrates was the first of the three great Athenian philosophers (the other two are Plato and Aristotle). He was born in Athens in 469 BC, so he lived through the time of Pericles and the Athenian Empire. But he was too young to remember Marathon or Salamis. He was not [...]

11 07, 2017

Who was Xenophon? What’s the Anabasis?

By |2018-04-23T09:12:24-07:00July 11th, 2017|Greeks, History, Literature|0 Comments

A later portrait of Xenophon (now in the Prado museum in Madrid) Xenophon, like Thucydides, was an Athenian from a rich family who lived during the Peloponnesian War, in the 400s BC. Xenophon (ZEN-oh-fahn) also had a lot of family connections to people from Sparta, and he thought the Spartans were doing a [...]

11 07, 2017

Who was Thucydides? Ancient Greek historian

By |2018-04-23T08:03:16-07:00July 11th, 2017|Greeks, Literature|0 Comments

Thucydides, carved in the 200s BC, so long after he died. Now in the Louvre, in Paris Thucydides (thoo-SID-id-ees) was an Athenian from a rich family. He was related to the Athenian general Miltiades, who led the Athenians against the Persians at Marathon. Thucydides also became a general in the Athenian army. He [...]

10 07, 2017

Melos and Athens – Thucydides

By |2018-04-23T08:03:15-07:00July 10th, 2017|Greeks, History, Literature|0 Comments

The Pnyx, where the Athenian Assembly met In 416 BC, Athens and Sparta were right in the middle of the Peloponnesian War. As part of that war, the Athenians got in an argument with the island of Melos. It ended in disaster. Melos was an island in the Aegean Sea, between Greece and the Persian [...]

9 07, 2017

Who was Aristophanes? Greek playwright

By |2019-02-03T13:56:27-07:00July 9th, 2017|Greeks, History|0 Comments

Aristophanes: Greek krater bowl for mixing water and wine, with a scene from a comedy on it (Probably the Tarpoley Painter, about 400 BC) Political comedy Aristophanes (arr-iss-TA-fa-knees) lived in Athens, in ancient Greece. He lived about the same time as another playwright, Euripides. That was about 450-388 BC. Athenian democracy Who was Euripides? [...]

9 07, 2017

Sicilian expedition – Peloponnesian War

By |2017-07-09T01:19:34-07:00July 9th, 2017|Greeks, History|0 Comments

Alcibiades (from a later portrait done after he was dead) The Peloponnesian war was not going so well for Athens. So the Athenians decided to try a really dramatic, aggressive move. A young Athenian general named Alcibiades (al-se-BUY-a-dees) had a plan. He convinced the Athenian Assembly to send almost the entire Athenian army [...]

9 07, 2017

End of the Peloponnesian War

By |2018-03-30T20:12:43-07:00July 9th, 2017|Greeks, History|0 Comments

The end of the Peloponnesian War: Tissaphernes, the Persian satrap Alcibiades changes sides The Spartans defeated the Sicilian Expedition in 415 BC. Plus, now they had the help of the Athenian general Alcibiades, who had gone over to the Spartan side. Alcibiades taught the Spartans how to fight naval battles.So the Spartans started [...]