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Cherokee environment and climate – Native Americans

By |2018-11-13T08:47:49-07:00August 8th, 2017|Environment, Native American, North America|

Cherokee environment: A waterfall in what is now the south-eastern United States Where the Cherokee lived Where people of the Cherokee nation lived, in what is now North and South Carolina and Georgia, was a great place to live. It never got very cold - even in winter it hardly ever snowed - and it never got that hot [...]

French Revolution – History of France

By |2019-06-16T06:57:05-07:00August 5th, 2017|Modern Europe|

French Revolution: French women revolutionaries march on the king's palace at Versailles Why did France want a revolution? All through the 1700s, Enlightenment philosophers in France had been figuring out new ways of thinking about the world. Little by little they rejected religion and inherited power. What is the Enlightenment? Kings Louis XV and Louis XVI [...]

European food history – Renaissance to today

By |2019-06-11T11:13:06-07:00August 4th, 2017|Food, Modern Europe|

European food history: An early chocolate house Trade brings new foods During the 1500s and 1600s AD, European traders brought back all kinds of new foods from places they sailed to around the world. Rich people began to eat sugar and ginger from India. (Combining these two new foods together gave us the gingerbread man). History of sugar Renaissance economy [...]

Clothing in Early Modern Europe

By |2018-04-08T11:14:14-07:00August 4th, 2017|Clothing, Modern Europe|

Maerten van Heemskerck, Portrait of Anna Codde, 1529 In the 1500s AD, women in Europe were still getting used to using the spinning wheel instead of the drop spindle to make thread. The spinning wheel was much faster than the drop spindle - four times faster - and so cloth became more available than it had been during [...]

Late medieval Russia – History

By |2018-04-24T09:09:10-07:00August 3rd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Church of Yuriev-Polsky (1200s) By the 1200s AD, Russia was weak from civil wars. So the Mongols attacked Russia and forced the eastern part into the Mongol empire. The Mongol empire made it even easier to trade across Asia, and the Russians continued to get rich from this trade. But in the early 1300s, the trade [...]

Medieval Weather in Europe

By |2018-04-24T08:21:17-07:00August 1st, 2017|Environment, Medieval|

Medieval tapestry (Cluny Museum, Paris) Some people say that the cause of the fall of the Roman empire in the West around 400 AD was a change in the climate, which left many people starving and sick and made people unhappy with their government. It is true that there was a cold period around this time in Western Europe, [...]

Late Medieval Islamic history

By |2018-04-23T15:28:20-07:00July 24th, 2017|History, Islam|

Fatimid gate of Cairo Bad al-Futuh (1087 AD) In 750 AD, it seemed like the Islamic Empire would last a thousand years. The Abbasid caliphs ruled a giant empire. It stretched from Morocco to Afghanistan. Their capital was at Baghdad in modern Iraq. Baghdad was also a center of scholarship and trade. The Abbasids kept control until the early 900s - [...]

Medieval Islamic environment

By |2019-05-30T06:07:39-07:00July 23rd, 2017|Environment, Islam, West Asia|

Bedouin tents today in the Arabian peninsula: Islamic environment Early medieval environment We can divide the environmental history of the medieval Islamic Empire into three different phases. The early phase, from the 600s to about 800 AD, is the time of the Umayyad and the Abbasid Caliphs. West Asian environment African environment Arabian [...]

Where are the Alps? Mountains in Europe

By |2019-01-23T09:52:38-07:00June 25th, 2017|Geology, Northern Europe|

The Alps Where are the Alps? The Alps are a long row of mountains dividing southern Europe from northern Europe.  France and Germany are on one side of the Alps, and Italy is on the other side. More about Northern Europe Which mountains are the highest? When did the Alps form? The Alps [...]

History of rye bread – Central Asia

By |2018-04-16T12:29:35-07:00June 23rd, 2017|Central Asia, Food|

A field of rye growing Like barley and wheat, rye's a kind of grass that is a good source of carbohydrates for people. Rye is different from the other grains mainly in that it will grow much further north, in colder climates, and in poorer soils. So people who lived further north, in [...]